Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+59B9, 妹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59B9

[U+59B8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59BA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女十木 (VJD), four-corner 45490, composition)

Stroke order
0 strokes

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 257, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6138
  • Dae Jaweon: page 522, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1034, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+59B9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mids
*mrɯds
*mrɯds
*mɯːds
*mɯːds
*maːds, *mɯːds
*maːds, *hmɯːds, *mɯds
*mɯds
*mɯds
*mɯds
*mɯds

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯːds): semantic  (female, woman) + phonetic  (OC *mɯds).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen:
    • bē - vernacular;
    • bōe - literary.
  • Quanzhou:
    • bēr - vernacular;
    • mūi - literary.
  • Zhangzhou:
    • māi - vernacular;
    • moāi - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (42)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /muʌiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /muoiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /muɒiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mwəjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /muᴀiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /muɒiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /muɑ̆iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mèi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    mèi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mwojH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.mˁə[t]-s/
    English younger sister

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12914
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. younger sister

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いも
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    ⟨imo1/imo/

    From Old Japanese.

    The medial /-m-/ means "woman, female", found in a number of related terms such as (me, onna, woman), (omina, elderly woman), and (omo, mother, archaic).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いも, rōmaji imo)

    1. (archaic, usually from a male's viewpoint) a close female companion
      1. one's sister
      2. one's lover
      3. one's wife
    2. (archaic, usually from a female's viewpoint) a woman
    Antonyms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    ⟨imo(1) pi1to2 → */imopitə//imofito//imowito/ → */imowuto/ /imoːto/

    Originally a compound of (imo, close female companion) + (hito, person).[2][3]

    The shift from /imofito//imoːto/ is an instance of ウ音便 (u onbin, u sound shift), found in terms with bilabial consonants (/m/, /b/, /w/) followed by i; commonly seen in terms such as 玄人 (kurōto, professional), 素人 (shirōto, amateur), or possibly, 相撲 (sumō, sumo).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いもうと, rōmaji imōto)

    1. one's own younger sister
      Antonym: (ane)
    2. the wife of one's younger brother; one's sister-in-law
      Synonym: 義妹 (gimai)
    3. a younger female
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いもと
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    /imopitə/ → */imoputə/ → */imobutə/ → */imomutə/ → */imontə//imoto/

    Likely a variant shift from derived compound (imo, close female companion) + (hito, person), appears in The Tale of Heiji, written around the mid-12th century.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いもと, rōmaji imoto)

    1. one's own younger sister
      Antonym: (ane)
    2. the wife of one's younger brother; one's sister-in-law
      Synonym: 義妹 (gimai)
    3. a younger female

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana いもと, rōmaji Imoto)

    1. a place name

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まい
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC muʌiH).

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana まい, rōmaji Mai)

    1. a female given name

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    4. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (mae) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (muội)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.