Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯːds): semantic  ‎(female, woman) + phonetic  ‎(OC *mɯds).

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女十木 (VJD), four-corner 45490, composition)

  1. younger sister

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 257, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6138
  • Dae Jaweon: page 522, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1034, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+59B9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (42)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/muoiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/muɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mwəjH/
Li
Rong
/muᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/muɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mèi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ mwojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.mˤə[t]-s/
English younger sister

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12914
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. younger sister

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/imo1/ → /imo/. The medial /m/ means "woman, female" and is found in a number of related terms: me, onna, megami, omina, omo etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いも, romaji imo)

  1. a close female companion; a sister or wife
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

‎(imo1) + person ‎(hi1to2): /imopitə/ → /imoɸito/ → /imowito/ → /imouto/ → /imoːto/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いもうと, romaji imōto)

  1. one's own younger sister
  2. a younger female

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mae) (hangeul , revised mae, McCune-Reischauer mae)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(muội)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.