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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(female, woman) + phonetic .

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 女十木 (VJD), four-corner 45490, composition)

  1. younger sister

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 257, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6138
  • Dae Jaweon: page 522, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1034, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+59B9

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (妹), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 灰
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 莫佩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/muʌiH/ /muɑ̆iH/ /muᴀiH/ /muoiH/ /mwəjH/ /muɒiH/ /muɒiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
mèi ‹ mwojH › /*C.mˤə[t]-s/ younger sister

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12914 1 /*mɯːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. younger sister

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/imo1/ → /imo/. The medial /m/ means "woman, female" and is found in a number of related terms: me, onna, megami, omina, omo etc.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いも, romaji imo)

  1. a close female companion; a sister or wife
Derived terms[edit]
  • (imōto)

Etymology 2[edit]

‎(imo1) + person ‎(hi1to2): /imopitə/ → /imoɸito/ → /imowito/ → /imouto/ → /imoːto/.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いもうと, romaji imōto)

  1. one's own younger sister
  2. a younger female

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mae) (hangeul , revised mae, McCune-Reischauer mae)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(muội)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.