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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
兄-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
兄-oracle.svg 兄-bronze.svg 兄-silk.svg 兄-bigseal.svg 兄-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口竹山 (RHU), four-corner 60210, composition)

  1. elder brother

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 123, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1343
  • Dae Jaweon: page 259, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 266, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5144

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕioŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕioŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕioŋ²¹/
Jinan /ɕioŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕyoŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕioŋ²¹/
Xining /ɕyə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕyoŋ/
Lanzhou /xỹn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕioŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕioŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕyoŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕioŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕioŋ/
Nanjing /ɕioŋ³¹/
Hefei /xiŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕioŋ¹³/
/ɕy¹³/ ~弟
Hohhot /ɕỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕioŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕioŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕioŋ³³/
Wenzhou /ɕoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕyʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /ɕyɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕioŋ³³/
Xiangtan /ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɑŋ⁴²/
/ɕiuŋ⁴²/ 弟~
Hakka Meixian /hiuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /hioŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ⁵³/
Nanning /heŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ⁵/
/hia⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xœyŋ⁵⁴/
/xiaŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hia²³/
/hia⁵⁵/ ~兄

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (112)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠwiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiuaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/xiuɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/xĭwɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯wɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjwæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥raŋ/
English elder brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13905
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmraŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. elder brother
  2. elder male cousin
      ―  tángxiōng  ―  father’s brother’s son older than oneself
  3. brother (male friend of the same generation)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. elder brother

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

  1. one's own elder brother
Synonyms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji e)

  1. an elder sibling

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji se)

  1. a woman's brother
  2. a woman's lover or husband
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Compound of ‎(ko, child) + ‎(no, genitive case marker) + ‎(kami, upper).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana このかみ, romaji konokami)

  1. an elder sibling

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeong, hwang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: hyeong, hwang, McCune-Reischauer: hyŏng, hwang, Yale: hyeng, hwang)
  • Name (hangeul): , 두려워하다 (revised: hyeong, duryeowohada, McCune-Reischauer: hyŏng, turyŏwŏhada, Yale: hyeng, twuryewehata)
  1. elder brother
  2. fear, dread, be afraid of, stand in fear of, be frightened at, have a horror of

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(huynh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.