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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
兄-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
兄-oracle.svg 兄-bronze.svg 兄-silk.svg 兄-bigseal.svg 兄-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口竹山 (RHU), four-corner 60210, composition)

  1. elder brother

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 123, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1343
  • Dae Jaweon: page 259, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 266, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5144

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕyŋ²¹/
Jinan /ɕyŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕyuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕyŋ²¹/
Xining /ɕyə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xỹn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕyŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕioŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕyoŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕioŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕioŋ/
Nanjing /ɕioŋ³¹/
Hefei /xiŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕyŋ¹³/
/ɕy¹³/ ~弟
Hohhot /ɕỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕioŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕioŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕioŋ³³/
Wenzhou /ɕoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕyʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /ɕyɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕioŋ³³/
Xiangtan /ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɑŋ⁴²/
/ɕiuŋ⁴²/ 弟~
Hakka Meixian /hiuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /hioŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ⁵³/
Nanning /heŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ⁵/
/hia⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xœyŋ⁵⁴/
/xiaŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hia²³/
/hia⁵⁵/ ~兄
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final: (112)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/hwɣiæŋ/ /hʷɯiaŋ/ /xiuaŋ/ /hwiajŋ/ /xiuɐŋ/ /xĭwɐŋ/ /xi̯wɐŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiōng ‹ xjwæng › /*m̥raŋ/ elder brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13905 0 /*hmraŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. elder brother
  2. elder male cousin
      ―  tángxiōng  ―  father’s brother’s son older than oneself
  3. brother (male friend of the same generation)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. elder brother

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

  1. one's own elder brother
Synonyms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji e)

  1. an elder sibling

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji se)

  1. a woman's brother
  2. a woman's lover or husband
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Compound of ‎(ko, child) + ‎(no, genitive case marker) + ‎(kami, upper).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana このかみ, romaji konokami)

  1. an elder sibling

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyeong, hwang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: hyeong, hwang, McCune-Reischauer: hyŏng, hwang, Yale: hyeng, hwang)
  • Name (hangeul): , 두려워하다 (revised: hyeong, duryeowohada, McCune-Reischauer: hyŏng, turyŏwŏhada, Yale: hyeng, twuryewehata)
  1. elder brother
  2. fear, dread, be afraid of, stand in fear of, be frightened at, have a horror of

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(huynh)

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