兄弟

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Chinese[edit]

elder brother younger brother
simp. and trad.
(兄弟)
anagram 弟兄

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • hiaⁿ-tī/hiaⁿ-tǐ - vernacular;
  • heng-tē/heng-tě - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
    • (Changsha)
      • Wiktionary: xiong1 di5
      • Sinological IPA (key) (old-style): /ɕiʊŋ³³ ti²¹⁻¹¹/
      • Sinological IPA (key) (new-style): /ɕin³³ ti²¹⁻¹¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (32) (7) (7)
    Final () (112) (39) (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Open Open
    Division () III IV IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hˠwiæŋ/ /deiX/ /deiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hʷᵚiaŋ/ /deiX/ /deiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xiuaŋ/ /dɛiX/ /dɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hwiajŋ/ /dɛjX/ /dɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /xiuɐŋ/ /deiX/ /deiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /xĭwɐŋ/ /dieiX/ /dieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xi̯wɐŋ/ /dʱieiX/ /dʱieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiōng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xjwæng › ‹ dejX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m̥raŋ/ /*lˁəjʔ/
    English elder brother younger brother

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
    No. 13905 2294 2297
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hmraŋ/ /*diːlʔ/ /*diːls/
    Notes

    Noun[edit]

    兄弟

    1. (literally) brother
      Antonym: 姐妹 (jiěmèi)
    2. (literally) brethren; brothers and sisters; siblings
    3. (figuratively) brothers; close friends; good friends (Classifier: m)
    4. gangster
    5. (Dungan, also) younger brother
    Synonyms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]
    Descendants[edit]
    Sino-Xenic (兄弟):

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Noun[edit]

    兄弟

    1. (Mandarin, Gan, Jin, dialectal Wu, colloquial) younger brother
    2. (colloquial) A term of address for a close friend of similar age or younger.
      兄弟今天請客 / 兄弟今天请客  ―  Xiōngdì, wǒ jīntiān qǐngkè.  ―  My brother, it's my treat today.
      兄弟今仔日請人 [Taiwanese, trad.]
      兄弟今仔日请人 [Taiwanese, simp.]
      Hiaⁿ-tī, góa kin-á-ji̍t chhiáⁿ-lâng. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
      My brother, it's my treat today.
    Synonyms[edit]

    Pronoun[edit]

    兄弟

    1. A humble term of self-address used by a man to people of the same generation.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    けい
    Grade: 2
    てい
    Grade: 2
    kan’on
    Kanji in this term
    きょう
    Grade: 2
    だい
    Grade: 2
    goon
    Wikipedia-logo.png
     兄弟 on Japanese Wikipedia

    Etymology[edit]

    From (kyō, elder brother, 呉音 (goon)) +‎ (dai, younger brother, 呉音 (goon)), from Chinese 兄弟. Compare 兄妹 (keimai, elder brother and younger sister), 姉弟 (shitei, elder sister and younger brother).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    • (siblings, sisters): 姉妹
    • (siblings, an elder brother and a younger sister): 兄妹
    • (siblings, an elder sister and a younger brother): 姉弟

    Noun[edit]

    兄弟(きょうだい) (kyōdai (historical kana きやうだい) (alternative reading hiragana けいてい, rōmaji keitei)

    1. (collective) brothers
    2. (collective, by extension) siblings
    3. (collective, by extension) brothers and sisters; brethren (brotherhood; fellowship)

    Usage notes[edit]

    Note that the alternative forms are specific to the kinds of siblings.

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    • The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary. →ISBN
    1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja in this term

    Noun[edit]

    兄弟 (hyeongje) (hangeul 형제)

    1. Hanja form? of 형제 (brother, brothers, sibling).

    Kunigami[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate to Japanese 兄弟 (kyōdai).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    兄弟 (hiragana ちょーれー, romaji chōrē)

    1. (collective) siblings; brothers and sisters

    Okinawan[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate to Japanese 兄弟 (kyōdai).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    兄弟 (hiragana ちょーでー, romaji chōdē)

    1. (collective) siblings; brothers and sisters

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Hán tự in this term

    Noun[edit]

    兄弟

    1. Hán tự form of huynh đệ (brothers).