兄弟

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

elder brother younger brother
simp. and trad.
(兄弟)
anagram 弟兄

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • hiaⁿ-tī/hiaⁿ-tǐ - vernacular;
  • heng-tē/heng-tě - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Noun[edit]

    兄弟

    1. (literally) brothers; brethren; brothers and sisters, siblings
    2. (figuratively) brothers; close friends; good friends
    3. gangster
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 兄弟 (“brothers”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 兄弟手足昆仲昆季
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 兄弟
    Mandarin Beijing 哥兒弟兄
    Taiwan 兄弟
    Jinan 弟兄弟兄們兄弟
    Xi'an 弟兄
    Wuhan 弟兄兄弟
    Chengdu 弟兄
    Yangzhou 弟兄
    Hefei 弟兄兄弟
    Cantonese Guangzhou 兄弟
    Hong Kong 兄弟
    Taishan 兄弟
    Gan Nanchang 兄弟
    Hakka Meixian 兄弟
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 兄弟
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 兄弟
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 兄弟
    Dongshi (Dabu) 兄弟
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 兄弟
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 兄弟
    Jin Taiyuan 弟兄兄弟
    Min Bei Jian'ou 兄弟
    Min Dong Fuzhou 兄弟兄弟哥
    Matsu 兄弟哥
    Min Nan Xiamen 兄弟
    Quanzhou 兄弟
    Zhangzhou 兄弟
    Taipei 兄弟
    Kaohsiung 兄弟
    Tainan 兄弟
    Taichung 兄弟仔
    Hsinchu 兄弟仔
    Lukang 兄弟
    Sanxia 兄弟
    Yilan 兄弟
    Kinmen 兄弟
    Magong 兄弟
    Philippines (Manila) 兄弟兄弟仔
    Chaozhou 兄弟
    Wu Suzhou 弟兄
    Wenzhou 兄弟
    Xiang Changsha 弟兄兄弟
    Shuangfeng 弟兄兄弟
    Derived terms[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Noun[edit]

    兄弟

    1. (Mandarin, Gan, Jin, dialectal Wu, colloquial) younger brother
    2. (colloquial) A term of address for a close friend of similar age or younger.
      兄弟今天請客 / 兄弟今天请客  ―  Xiōngdì, wǒ jīntiān qǐngkè.  ―  My brother, it's my treat today.
      兄弟今仔日請人 [Taiwanese, trad.]
      兄弟今仔日请人 [Taiwanese, simp.]
      Hiaⁿ-tī, góa kin-á-ji̍t chhiáⁿ-lâng. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
      My brother, it's my treat today.
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 弟弟 (“younger brother”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 弟弟
    Mandarin Beijing 兄弟弟弟
    Taiwan 弟弟
    Harbin 兄弟弟弟
    Jinan 兄弟弟弟
    Muping 兄兒兄弟
    Luoyang 兄弟
    Jiedian 兄弟 male speaker弟子 female speaker
    Xi'an 兄弟
    Xining 兄弟弟弟
    Xuzhou 弟弟兄弟
    Yinchuan 兄弟
    Ürümqi 弟弟兄弟富康子
    Wuhan 弟弟兄弟
    Chengdu 弟娃兒兄弟弟弟
    Guiyang 兄弟弟弟 childish
    Liuzhou 阿弟老弟
    Yangzhou 兄弟弟弟
    Nanjing 弟弟兄弟
    Hefei 兄弟弟弟
    Nantong 弟子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 細佬弟弟
    Hong Kong 細佬弟弟
    Dongguan 細佬弟弟
    Taishan
    Yangjiang 小弟
    Gan Nanchang 老弟兄弟
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang 老弟
    Hakka Meixian 老弟老弟仔
    Xingning 老弟老弟里
    Huidong 老弟
    Qujiang 老弟
    Xiaosanjiang 老弟
    Changting 老弟
    Pingyu 老弟子
    Wuping 老弟
    Liancheng 老弟
    Ninghua 老弟
    Yudu 老弟
    Ruijin 老弟
    Shicheng 老弟
    Shangyou 老弟
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 老弟
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 老弟
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 老弟
    Dongshi (Dabu) 老弟
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 老弟
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿弟
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 兄弟弟弟
    Xinzhou 兄弟
    Min Bei Jian'ou 弟仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 依弟 face-to-face
    Min Nan Xiamen 小弟阿弟 face-to-face
    Quanzhou 小弟阿弟 face-to-face
    Zhangzhou 小弟阿弟 face-to-face
    Taipei 小弟
    Kaohsiung 小弟
    Penang 小弟阿棣
    Philippines (Manila) 小弟
    Chaozhou 阿弟
    Haikou 老弟 non-face-to-face阿弟 face-to-face
    Leizhou 老弟
    Pinghua Nanning 老弟
    Wu Shanghai 弟弟阿弟
    Suzhou 兄弟弟弟
    Hangzhou 阿弟弟弟
    Wenzhou 阿弟
    Chongming 兄弟
    Danyang 弟子
    Jinhua
    Ningbo 阿弟弟弟 face-to-face
    Xiang Changsha 老弟弟弟
    Shuangfeng 老弟弟弟
    Loudi 老弟

    Pronoun[edit]

    兄弟

    1. A humble term of self-address used by a man to people of the same generation.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    きょう
    Grade: 2
    だい
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi
    Wikipedia-logo.png
     兄弟 on Japanese Wikipedia

    Alternative forms[edit]

    • (siblings): 兄妹 (if composed of an older brother and a younger sister)

    Etymology[edit]

    From (kyō, elder brother, 呉音 (goon)) +‎ (dai, younger brother, 呉音 (goon)), from Chinese 兄弟. Compare 兄妹 (keimai, elder brother and younger sister), 姉弟 (shitei, elder sister and younger brother).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    兄弟 (hiragana きょうだい, rōmaji kyōdai, historical hiragana きやうだい)

    1. (collective) brothers
    2. (collective, by extension) siblings
    3. (collective, by extension) brothers and sisters; brethren (brotherhood; fellowship)

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    • The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary. →ISBN
    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja in this term

    Noun[edit]

    兄弟 (hyeongje) (hangeul 형제)

    1. Hanja form? of 형제 (brother, brothers, sibling).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Hán tự in this word

    Noun[edit]

    兄弟

    1. Hán tự form of huynh đệ, “brothers