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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(bamboo) + phonetic 

here refers to the bamboo strips used for writing (e.g. accounting, classification) in ancient times. See also .

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓中竹 (HNLH), four-corner 88227, composition丿)

  1. sequence, number
  2. grade, degree
  3. ordinal operator (第 followed by a numeric expression yields an ordinal number)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 881, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25943
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1308, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2959, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7B2C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (7)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/deiH/ /dʱieiH/ /deiH/ /deiH/ /dɛjH/ /dieiH/ /dɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dejH › /*[l]ˤəjʔ-s/ sequence

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2298 1 /*diːls/ 弟轉註字見左傳

Prefix[edit]

  1. Ordinal number marker, used before a number to make the number ordinal.
      ―  èr  ―  second
      ―  shí  ―  tenth
    安全  ―  ānquán   ―  safety first

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Prefix[edit]

Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 3
on'yomi

‎(hiragana だい, romaji dai-)

  1. ordinal marker, often with affix . Is like the in English, but only used before numbers.
     (だい)二号 (にごう)
    dai-ni gō
    The 2nd
     (だい)十三話 (じゅうさんわ)
    dai-jūsan wa
    Volume/Chapter 13

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune-Reischauer che, Yale cey)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đệ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.