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U+5A23, 娣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5A23

[U+5A22]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5A24]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 女金弓竹 (VCNH), four-corner 48427, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 263, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6329
  • Dae Jaweon: page 529, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1053, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5A23

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰiːl
*tʰiːl, *diːls
*tʰiːlʔ, *tʰiːls
*tʰiːlʔ
*tʰiːls, *diːls
*tʰiːls
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːlʔ, *diːls
*diːlʔ, *diːls
*diːlʔ, *diːls
*diːls

Ideogrammic compound (會意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *diːlʔ, *diːls): semantic  (woman) + phonetic  (OC *diːlʔ, *diːls, young family member).

Etymology[edit]

Same word as (OC *diːlʔ, *diːls, “younger brother”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (7) (7)
Final () (39) (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/deiX/ /deiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/deiX/ /deiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɛiX/ /dɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɛjX/ /dɛjH/
Li
Rong
/deiX/ /deiH/
Wang
Li
/dieiX/ /dieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱieiX/ /dʱieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˤəjʔ/
English younger secondary wife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2295 2302
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*diːlʔ/ /*diːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. younger of two women married to a man; (in general) concubine of a man
  2. younger sister
  3. wife of husband's younger brother
  4. mother's younger sister
  5. A surname​.

Usage notes[edit]

This character may now be used in the given name of a girl to symbolize the hope that she will have a younger brother.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. younger sister
  2. sister-in-law

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune-Reischauer che)

  1. younger sister
  2. sister-in-law

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đệ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]