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U+5F15, 引
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F15

[U+5F14]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F16]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 57, +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓中 (NL), four-corner 12200, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 356, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9699
  • Dae Jaweon: page 672, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 988, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5F15

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
引-bronze.svg 引-seal.svg 引-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (bow) + (line) – the line radical represents a bow string which is pulled.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • íⁿ - vernacular;
  • ín - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (36) (36)
Final () (43) (43)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiɪnX/ /jiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jinX/ /jinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/jenX/ /jenH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jinX/ /jinH/
Li
Rong
/iĕnX/ /iĕnH/
Wang
Li
/jĭĕnX/ /jĭĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ĕnX/ /i̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐn yìn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jan5 jan6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǐn yǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ yinX › ‹ yinH ›
Old
Chinese
/*li[n]ʔ/ /*li[n]ʔ-s/
English draw the bow draw the bow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15306 15312
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
𦙍
Old
Chinese
/*linʔ/ /*lins/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to pull, draw out, attract
  2. to stretch
  3. to lead
  4. to induce
  5. to recommend
  6. to reference, to quote
  7. to leave
  8. (music) prelude
  9. (Hokkien, honorific) Prefix for kinship terms.
    [Hokkien]  ―  ín-kong [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  grandpa

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“earthworm”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. pull
  2. tug
  3. admit

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (repulse)
  • (push)

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
いん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC jiɪnX, jiɪnH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(いん) (in

  1. the preface to a book; introduction; foreword

Affix[edit]

(いん) (in

  1. pull; draw out; stretch
  2. lead; induce
  3. bear; undertake; accept
  4. quote; reference
  5. leave

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (kkeul in))

  1. Hanja form? of (pull).

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: dẫn, dợn, giỡn, dận, giận

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.