引く

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "引く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
引く [hìkú]
Imperative (命令形) 引け [hìké]
Key constructions
Passive 引かれる かれる [hìkárérú]
Causative 引かせる かせる [hìkásérú]
Potential 引ける ける [hìkérú]
Volitional 引こう [hìkóꜜò]
Negative 引かない かない [hìkánáí]
Negative perfective 引かなかった かなかった [hìkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 引きます きま [hìkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 引いた いた [hìítá]
Conjunctive 引いて いて [hìíté]
Hypothetical conditional 引けば [hìkéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (hikutransitive or intransitive godan (stem () (hiki), past ()いた (hiita))

Japanese verb pair
active 引く
mediopassive 引ける
  1. (transitive) pull (something toward oneself)
  2. (transitive) pull (along); drag; drag along; bring along while going somewhere
  3. (transitive) bring (people) in; bring together
  4. (transitive) attract (someone's) attention
  5. (transitive) pull out; stretch; spread (something over a surface or a distance)
  6. (transitive) subtract; take away
    (ろく)から(よん)()()なる
    Roku kara yon o hiku to ni ni naru.
    Subtract 4 from 6 and you get 2.
  7. (transitive) (of an illness) catch
    ()()()いちゃった
    Kaze o hiichatta.
    I caught a cold.
  8. (transitive) page through (a dictionary) to look up; look up
    ()らない(たん)()()(しょ)()いてください
    Shiranai tango wa jisho o hīte kudasai.
    Please look up word you don't know in a dictionary.
  9. (intransitive) pull out; pull back; withdraw; retreat
  10. (intransitive) to draw away from a person; to find someone repulsive
    あいつみたい(ひと)()わ。
    Aitsu mitai na hito wa hiku wa.
    I'd totally stay far away from that kind of person.

Conjugation[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

() (hiku

  1. (mathematics) minus (subtraction)
    12(じゅうに)()(ろく)(ろく)だ。
    Jūni hiku roku wa roku da.
    12 minus 6 is 6.

Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN