ください

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A conjugation of くださる (kudasaru), the humble form of くれる (kureru).

Verb[edit]

ください (rōmaji kudasai)

  1. 下さい: please give me
    葉書 (はがき)5枚 (ごまい)ください
    Hagaki o gomai kudasai.
    Please give me five postcards.
  2. (polite, imperative) 下さい: please do something for me; expressing a request
     (げん) () ()いたら (でん) ()して (くだ)さい
    Genchi ni tsuitara denwashite kudasai.
    Please call me when you get there.
     () ()をしないでください
    Muri o shinaide kudasai.
    Please don't push yourself too hard.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The imperative sense is either attached to the て-form (te-form) of a verb, or a noun prefixed with お (o-) or ご (go-).
    ちょっとお ()ください
    Chotto o-machi kudasai.
    Please wait a little. (Here 待ち is the continuative form of 待つ.)
    これをご (らん)ください
    Kore o go-ran kudasai.
    Please have a look at this.

Synonyms[edit]