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U+679A, 枚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-679A

[U+6799]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+679B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木人大 (DOK), four-corner 48940, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 516, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14554
  • Dae Jaweon: page 904, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1171, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+679A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Generally thought to be an ideogrammic compound (會意): (tree; wood) + (hand holding a stick).

However, Zhengzhang (2003) considers it to be a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯːl): semantic (wood) + phonetic (OC *mɯn), where was later corrupted to .

Etymology 1[edit]

From Austroasiatic; compare Old Khmer mek (branch; bough) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (42)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/muoi/
Shao
Rongfen
/muɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mwəj/
Li
Rong
/muᴀi/
Wang
Li
/muɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
méi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mui4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
méi
Middle
Chinese
‹ mwoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˁəj/
English stem, branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13012
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (archaic) stalk of shrub; trunk of tree
  2. (historical) wooden peg (a gag for marching soldiers to prevent talking)
  3. (obsolete) small wooden rod; counting rod
  4. (dated) Classifier for generic countable objects.
    1. one by one; each
      /   ―  méi  ―  to enumerate
  5. Classifier for small, flat objects, such as coins, stamps, badges, pearls, sporting medals.all nouns using this classifier
  6. Classifier for rockets, satellites and certain weapons (especially bombs).
  7. A surname.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Lingao mɔʔ⁸ (classifier for objects) (Fu, 2008).

Pronunciation[edit]


Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Hainanese) Classifier for generic countable objects.
Synonyms[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひら
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

pira > ɸira > hira. Cognate with (hira, flat).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ひら) (hira

  1. an object that is thin and flat
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
まい
Grade: 6
on’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Counter[edit]

(まい) (-mai

  1. counter for flat thin objects or sheets

See also[edit]

Japanese number-counter combinations for (まい) (mai)
1 2 3 4 5
(いち)(まい) (ichimai) ()(まい) (nimai) (さん)(まい) (sanmai) (よん)(まい) (yonmai)
()(まい) (yomai)
()(まい) (gomai)
6 7 8 9 10
(ろく)(まい) (rokumai) (なな)(まい) (nanamai)
(しち)(まい) (shichimai)
(はち)(まい) (hachimai) (きゅう)(まい) (kyūmai) (じゅう)(まい) (jūmai)
100 1,000 10,000 How many?
(ひゃく)(まい) (hyakumai) (せん)(まい) (senmai) (いち)(まん)(まい) (ichimanmai) (なん)(まい) (nanmai)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (mae))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
めー
Grade: 6
on’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Counter[edit]

(hiragana めー, rōmaji -mē)

  1. counter for flat thin objects or sheets

References[edit]

  • メー” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: mai

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.