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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 土中田中 (GLWL), four-corner 45106, composition)

  1. earth
  2. feminine, female
  3. 8th of the 8 trigrams
  4. second hexagram of the I Ching

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 226, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4969
  • Dae Jaweon: page 461, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 431, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5764

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuən⁵⁵/
Harbin /kʰuən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kʰuən²¹/
Jinan /kʰuẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰuə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kʰuən²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰuẽ²¹/
Xining /kʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kʰũn³¹/
Ürümqi /kʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kʰuən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kʰuən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kʰuen⁵⁵/
Kunming /kʰuə̃/
Nanjing /kʰun³¹/
Hefei /kʰuən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /kʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kʰuəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /kʰuən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰun³³/
Wenzhou /kʰaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /kʰuʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /kʰuɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kʰuən³³/
Xiangtan /kʰuən³³/
Gan Nanchang /kʰun⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kʰun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kʰun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰwɐn⁵³/
Nanning /kʰʷɐn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kʰwɐn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xun²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final: (55)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: kūn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuən/ /kʰuon/ /kʰuən/ /kʰwən/ /kʰuən/ /kʰuən/ /kʰuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kūn ‹ khwon › /*[kʰ]ˤu[n]/ earth (trigram or hexagram)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7518 2 /*kʰuːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. southwest

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひつじさる, romaji hitsujisaru)

  1. (obsolete) southwest

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gon) (hangeul , revised gon, McCune-Reischauer kon)

  1. ( 곤, ttang-) earth
  2. (곤괘 곤, gongwae-) or the eighth of the Eight Trigrams, (☰☱☲☳☴☵☶☷ or 팔괘 (八卦, palgwae)) that exactly match with the three-digit binary numbers, counting from 0 to 7. Four (0, 2, 5, 7) out of eight trigrams are placed in the four corners of the flag of South Korea.
  3. (황후 곤, hwanghu-) queen

Antonyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khôn, khuôn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]