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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
地-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (earth) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 土心木 (GPD), four-corner 44112, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 224, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4890
  • Dae Jaweon: page 456, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 420, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5730

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (地), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 徒四切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/diɪH/ /dʱiH/ /diH/ /diH/ /diH/ /diH/ /djɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dijH › /*[l]ˤej-s/ earth, ground

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14808 2 /*l'els/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) earth
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) soil, ground
    蹬達 [MSC, trad.]
    蹬达 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè pǐ mǎ dǎo zài shàng, bù zhù de dèngdá. [Pinyin]
    The horse collapsed on the floor, but carried on kicking.
  3. region
  4. land
  5. (Cantonese) (=), a less common plurality marker

Pronunciation[edit]


Particle[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) (adverb-forming particle, like English -ly)
      ―  hěn kuài   ―  very quickly

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. earth; ground

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (dijH). The goon reading, so likely the initial borrowing. Compare modern Mandarin .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ji, historical hiragana )

  1. earth; dirt
  2. fabric
    • 1906, Natsume Sōseki, Botchan:
      いくらか (うす) ()には相違 (そうい)なくっても (あつ)いには (きま)ってる。
      ikura ka usui ji ni wa sōi nakutte mo atsui ni wa kimatteru.
      However thin it might be, flannel is flannel and must have been pretty warm at that time of the year.
  3. (game of Go) territory

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (dijH). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing. The devoicing of the initial consonant might indicate a dialectal source. Compare modern Hakka thi, Min Nan .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. earth; land; ground
  2. a place; a region; a piece of land
  3. territory; dominion
  4. (of a crate, etc.) the bottom

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -chi)

  1. place, area

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ji)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: chi)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: ttang, McCune-Reischauer: ttang, Yale: ttang)
  1. ( 지, ttang-): earth, land, ground
  2. (지위 지, jiwi-): status, rank

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(địa, rịa)

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