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See also: Ξ, , , , , and
Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E09
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
Codepoint U+4E09
 ← CJK Unified Ideographs → 

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
三-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一一一 (MMM), four-corner 10101, composition一一)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №4

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 76, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12
  • Dae Jaweon: page 138, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 4, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E09

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial

𢦘

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
三-oracle.svg 三-bronze.svg 三-silk.svg 三-bigseal.svg 三-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogram (指事) - three parallel lines. Compare with , one line meaning “one”, , two lines meaning “two”, and , four lines meaning “four”.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-sum.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (16)
Final () (143)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑm/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑm/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sam/
Li
Rong
/sɑm/
Wang
Li
/sɑm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sān
Middle
Chinese
‹ sam ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.rum/ (*s.r- > s-; infl. by 四 *s-?)
English three

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10963
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*suːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. three
  2. A surname​.

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (16)
Final () (143)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɑmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɑmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/samH/
Li
Rong
/sɑmH/
Wang
Li
/sɑmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɑmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sān
Middle
Chinese
‹ samH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.r[u]m-s/ (*s.r- > *s-, infl. by 四 *s-?)
English three times

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10965
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*suːms/

Definitions[edit]

  1. repeatedly; thrice
      ―  sān  ―  to think carefully

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿
Playing cards in Chinese · 撲克牌扑克牌 (pūkèpái) (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
A
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
J Q K 小王 ‎(black), 大王 ‎(red)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Japanese financial/formal form): 参

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さん, romaji san)

  1. three

Numeral[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal :

(さん, san)

  1. three, 3

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

/mi1/: [mi].

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. three

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sam)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: sam, Yale: sam)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: set, McCune-Reischauer: set, Yale: seys)
  1. three

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tam)

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