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U+9678, 陸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9678

[U+9677]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9679]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中土金土 (NLGCG), four-corner 74214)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1355, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41708
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1858, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4134, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9678

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mluɡ
*m·ruɡ
*m·ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ
*ruɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *m·ruɡ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *m·ruɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lu⁵¹/
Harbin /lu⁵³/
Tianjin /lu⁵³/
Jinan /lu²¹/
Qingdao /lu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lu²⁴/
Xi'an /lu²¹/
Xining /lv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /lu¹³/
Lanzhou /lu¹³/
Ürümqi /lu²¹³/
Wuhan /nəu²¹³/
Chengdu /nu³¹/
Guiyang /nu²¹/
Kunming /lu³¹/
Nanjing /luʔ⁵/
Hefei /luəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəʔ²/
Pingyao /luʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /luəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /loʔ¹/
Suzhou /loʔ³/
Hangzhou /loʔ²/
Wenzhou /lɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /lo²²/
Tunxi /ləu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ləu²⁴/
Xiangtan /nəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /luʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liuk̚⁵/
Taoyuan /liuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lok̚²/
Nanning /luk̚²²/
Hong Kong /luk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
/lak̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /løyʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lok̚⁵/ ~地
/lok̚³/ ~續

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/liuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/liuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luwk̚/
Li
Rong
/liuk̚/
Wang
Li
/lĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]uk/
English land (as opposed to water)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8533
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*m·ruɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. land, continent, mainland
  2. Mainland China
  3. army
  4. six

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. land
  2. six

Readings[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 6461
  • Halpern: 543
  • Halpern Learners: 399
  • Heisig: 1513
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2d8.4t
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Adjectival noun[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana ろく, romaji roku)

  1. satisfactory

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おか, romaji oka)

  1. land; shore

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ろく, romaji roku)

  1. (law) the number six, 6 (used in legal documents only, otherwise )
  2. being satisfactory

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryuk>yuk)
Eumhun:

  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lục)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.