lake

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See also: Lake, Lãke, läke, and lakë

English[edit]

A mountain lake

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English lake ‎(lake, watercourse, body of water), from Old English lacu ‎(lake, pond, pool, stream, watercourse), from Proto-Germanic *lakō, *lōkiz ‎(stream, pool, water aggregation", originally "ditch, drainage, seep), from Proto-Germanic *lekaną ‎(to leak, drain), from Proto-Indo-European *leg-, *leǵ- ‎(to leak). Cognate with Scots lake ‎(pond, pool, flowing water of a stream), Dutch laak ‎(lake, pond, stream), German Low German Lake, Laak ‎(pooled water; puddle), German Lache ‎(pool, puddle), Faroese løkur ‎(stream, brook, flow), Icelandic lækur ‎(stream, brook, flow). See also leak, leach.

Despite their similarity in form and meaning, English lake is not related to Latin lacus ‎(hollow, lake, pond), Scottish Gaelic loch ‎(lake), Ancient Greek λάκκος ‎(lákkos, waterhole, tank, pond, pit), all from Proto-Indo-European *lakʷ- ‎(lake, pool). Instead, this root is represented by Old English lagu ‎(sea, flood, water, ocean), through Proto-Germanic *laguz, *lahō ‎(sea, water), perhaps related to Albanian lag ‎(to water, make wet, moisturize). See lay.

Noun[edit]

lake ‎(plural lakes)

  1. (now chiefly dialectal) A small stream of running water; a channel for water; a drain.
  2. A large, landlocked stretch of water.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      Judge Short had gone to town, and Farrar was off for a three days' cruise up the lake. I was bitterly regretting I had not gone with him when the distant notes of a coach horn reached my ear, and I descried a four-in-hand winding its way up the inn road from the direction of Mohair.
  3. A large amount of liquid; as, a wine lake.
    • 1991, Robert DeNiro (actor), Backdraft:
      So you punched out a window for ventilation. Was that before or after you noticed you were standing in a lake of gasoline?
Usage notes[edit]

As with the names of rivers and mount(ain)s, the names of lakes are typically formed by adding the word before or after the unique term: Lake Titicaca or Great Slave Lake. Generally speaking, names formed using adjectives or attributives see lake added to the end, as with Reindeer Lake; lake is usually added before proper names, as with Lake Michigan. This derives from the earlier but now uncommon form lake of ~: for instance, the 19th-century Lake of Annecy is now usually simply Lake Annecy. It frequently occurs, however, that foreign placenames are misunderstood as proper nouns, as with the Chinese Taihu ("Great Lake") and Qinghai ("Blue Sea") being frequently rendered as Lake Tai and Qinghai Lake.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]
References[edit]
  • Astell, Ann W. (1999) Political Allegory in Late Medieval England, Cornell University Press, ISBN 978-0-8014-3560-7, page 192.
  • Cameron, Kenneth (1961) English Place Names, B. T. Batsford Limited, ISBN 978-0-416-27990-0, page 164.
  • Ferguson, Robert (1858) English Surnames: And their Place in the Teutonic Family, G. Routledge & Co., page 368.
  • Maetzner, Eduard Adolf Ferdinand (2009) An English Grammar; Methodical, Analytical, and Historical, BiblioBazaar, LLC, ISBN 978-1-113-14996-1, page 200.
  • Rissanen, Matti (1992) History of Englishes: New Methods and Interpretations in Historical Linguistics, Walter de Gruyter, ISBN 978-3-11-013216-8, pages 513–514.
  • Sisam, Kenneth (2009) Fourteenth Century Verse and Prose, BiblioBazaar, ISBN 978-1-110-73080-3.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English lake, lak, lac (also loke, laik, layke), from Old English lāc ‎(play, sport, strife, battle, sacrifice, offering, gift, present, booty, message), from Proto-Germanic *laiką ‎(play, fight), *laikaz ‎(game, dance, hymn, sport), from Proto-Indo-European *loig-, *leig- ‎(to bounce, shake, tremble). Cognate with Old High German leih ‎(song, melody, music) and Albanian luaj ‎(I move, play). More at lay.

Noun[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

lake ‎(plural lakes)

  1. (obsolete) An offering, sacrifice, gift.
  2. (dialectal) Play; sport; game; fun; glee.
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

lake ‎(third-person singular simple present lakes, present participle laking, simple past and past participle laked)

  1. (obsolete) To present an offering.
  2. (chiefly dialectal) To leap, jump, exert oneself, play.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English lachen, or displaced by Dutch lake ‎(linen), laken ‎(linen, bedsheet).

Noun[edit]

lake ‎(plural lakes)

  1. (obsolete) Fine linen.

Etymology 4[edit]

From French laque ‎(lacquer), from Persian لاک ‎(lāk), from Hindi lakh, from Sanskrit laksha ‎(one hundred thousand), referring to the number of insects that gather on the trees and make the resin seep out.

Noun[edit]

lake ‎(plural lakes)

  1. In dyeing and painting, an often fugitive crimson or vermillion pigment derived from an organic colorant (cochineal or madder, for example) and an inorganic, generally metallic mordant.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

lake ‎(third-person singular simple present lakes, present participle laking, simple past and past participle laked)

  1. To make lake-red.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lake

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of laken

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Etymology 1[edit]

From Low German lake

Noun[edit]

lake m ‎(definite singular laken, indefinite plural laker, definite plural lakene)

  1. (preservative) pickle, brine
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse laki

Noun[edit]

lake m ‎(definite singular laken, indefinite plural laker, definite plural lakene)

  1. (fish) burbot, eelpout (genus Lota lota)

Etymology 3[edit]

As for Etymology 1.

Verb[edit]

lake

  1. to pickle, put in brine

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1[edit]

From Low German lake

Noun[edit]

lake m ‎(definite singular laken, indefinite plural lakar, definite plural lakane)

  1. (preservative) pickle, brine
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse laki

Noun[edit]

lake m ‎(definite singular laken, indefinite plural lakar, definite plural lakane)

  1. (fish) burbot, eelpout (genus Lota lota)

Etymology 3[edit]

As for Etymology 1.

Verb[edit]

lake

  1. to pickle, put in brine

References[edit]


Swahili[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lake

  1. Ji class inflected form of -ake.

Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sv

Noun[edit]

lake c

  1. burbot (a freshwater fish: Lota lota)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of lake 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lake laken lakar lakarna
Genitive lakes lakens lakars lakarnas