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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to jump around, run around
    Synonyms: *lek-, *prew-, *sel- (jump)
  2. to play, frolic
    Synonym: *leyd-
  3. to shake, jitter; to dance
    Synonyms: *kʷeh₁t-, *sper-, *weyp-

Derived terms[edit]

  • *lóyg-e-ti (o-grade root present?)
    • Proto-Germanic: *laikaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *ráyǰati
  • *loyg-éye-ti (iterative)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
  • Unsorted formations:



  1. similar, like
  2. even, level (e.g. of a surface)

Derived terms[edit]

  • Unsorted formations:
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: lygiuoti
      • Lithuanian: lýgus (equal, level, flat, even, like)
      • Latgalian: leigt' (to agree, to make peace, to make a deal)
      • Latvian: līdz (flat)
      • Latvian: līdzīgs (alike, similar, equal, even)
      • Latvian: līgt
      • Lithuanian: lygti
      • Old Prussian: līgint, Old Prussian: līginton
    • Proto-Germanic: *līką (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Germanic: *līkāną (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN