brine

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English brine, bryne, from Old English brīne, brȳne, from Proto-Germanic *brīnijaz, *brīnaz (compare Scots brime, West Frisian brein, Dutch brijn (brine), West Flemish brijne), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreyH- (to cut, maim). Cognates include Old Irish ro·bria (may hurt, damage), Latin friāre (to rub, crumble), Slovene bríti (to shave, shear), Albanian brej (to gnaw), Sanskrit बृणाति (bhrīṇā́ti, they injure, hurt).

Alternatively, from Proto-Indo-European *mriHnós, from *móri (compare Latin marīnus).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: brīn, IPA(key): /bɹaɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪn

Noun[edit]

brine (usually uncountable, plural brines)

  1. Salt water; water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt; a salt-and-water solution for pickling.
    Do you want a can of tuna in oil or in brine?
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Philander went into the next room [] and came back with a salt mackerel that dripped brine like a rainstorm. Then he put the coffee pot on the stove and rummaged out a loaf of dry bread and some hardtack.
  2. The sea or ocean; the water of the sea.
    • 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii], page 3:
      Ariell: Not a ſoule / But felt a Feauer of the madde, and plaid / Some tricks of deſperation ; all but Mariners / Plung'd in the foaming bryne, and quit the veſſell ; / Then all a fire with me the Kings ſonne Ferdinand / With haire vp-ſtaring (then like reeds, not haire) / Was the firſt man that leapt ; cride hell is empty, / And all the Diuels are heere.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

brine (third-person singular simple present brines, present participle brining, simple past and past participle brined)

  1. (transitive) To preserve food in a salt solution.
  2. (transitive) To prepare and flavor food (especially meat) for cooking by soaking in a salt solution.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

brine f

  1. plural of brina

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *brīnijaz, *brīnaz; compare Middle Dutch brine (Dutch brijn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brīne f

  1. brine

Descendants[edit]

  • English: brine