brine

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Brine

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English brine, bryne, from Old English brīne, from Proto-Germanic *brīnijaz, *brīnaz (compare Scots brime, West Frisian brein, Dutch brijn (brine), West Flemish brijne), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreyH- (to cut, maim).

Cognates include Old Irish ro·bria (may hurt, damage), Latin friāre (to rub, crumble), Slovene bríti (to shave, shear), Albanian brej (to gnaw), Sanskrit बृणाति (bṛṇā́ti, they injure, hurt).

Alternatively, from Proto-Indo-European *mriHnós, from *móri (compare Latin marīnus).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: brīn, IPA(key): /bɹaɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪn

Noun[edit]

brine (usually uncountable, plural brines)

  1. Salt water; water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt; a salt-and-water solution for pickling.
    Do you want a can of tuna in oil or in brine?
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Philander went into the next room [] and came back with a salt mackerel that dripped brine like a rainstorm. Then he put the coffee pot on the stove and rummaged out a loaf of dry bread and some hardtack.
  2. The sea or ocean; the water of the sea.
    • 1610–1611 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii], page 3:
      Ariell: Not a ſoule
      But felt a Feauer of the madde, and plaid
      Some tricks of deſperation ; all but Mariners
      Plung'd in the foaming bryne, and quit the veſſell ;
      Then all a fire with me the Kings ſonne Ferdinand
      With haire vp-ſtaring (then like reeds, not haire)
      Was the firſt man that leapt ; cride hell is empty,
      And all the Diuels are heere.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

brine (third-person singular simple present brines, present participle brining, simple past and past participle brined)

  1. (transitive) To preserve food in a salt solution.
  2. (transitive) To prepare and flavor food (especially meat) for cooking by soaking in a salt solution.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

brine f

  1. plural of brina

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *brīnijaz, *brīnaz; of unknown ultimate origin, possibly Proto-Indo-European *mr-īnó-, from *móri (sea, standing water).[1] Compare Middle Dutch brine (Dutch brijn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

brīne f

  1. brine

Descendants[edit]

  • English: brine

References[edit]

  1. ^ van der Sijs, Nicoline, editor (2010), “brijn”, in Etymologiebank, Meertens Institute

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Verb[edit]

brine (Cyrillic spelling брине)

  1. third-person singular present of brinuti

Slovene[edit]

Noun[edit]

brine

  1. accusative plural of brin

Yola[edit]

Noun[edit]

brine

  1. Alternative form of bryne (brain)
    • 1867, OBSERVATIONS BY THE EDITOR:
      F. agyne, amyne, brine, gryne, gry, pyle, ryne.
      E. again, amain, brain, grain, gray, pail, rain.

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 13