海水

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Chinese[edit]

ocean; sea water; river
simp. and trad.
(海水)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (32) (26)
Final () (41) (18)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hʌiX/ /ɕˠiuɪX/
Pan
Wuyun
/həiX/ /ɕʷᵚiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xɒiX/ /ɕiuɪX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/həjX/ /ɕjwiX/
Li
Rong
/xᴀiX/ /ɕjuiX/
Wang
Li
/xɒiX/ /ɕwiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɑ̆iX/ /ɕwiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hǎi shuǐ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hǎi shuǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ xojX › ‹ sywijX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˁəʔ/ (dialect *m̥ˁ- > x-) /*s.turʔ/ (E dialect: *-r > *-j)
English sea water; river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 9283 11948
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmlɯːʔ/ /*qʰʷljilʔ/

Noun[edit]

海水

  1. seawater; ocean water
    海水淡化  ―  hǎishuǐ dànhuà  ―  seawater desalinization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (海水):
  • Japanese: 海水(かいすい) (kaisui)
  • Korean: 해수 (海水, haesu)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 2
すい
Grade: 1
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
海水 (kyūjitai)

Etymology[edit]

From (kai, "sea," "ocean") + (sui, "water," "cold water")

Noun[edit]

(かい)(すい) (kaisui

  1. seawater

Derived terms[edit]