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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(work)

Pronounced something like *l̥ək in Old Chinese; compare with 弋 *lək. See also .

Han character[edit]

(radical 56 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈心一 (IPM), four-corner 43100, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /ʃz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /sz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩¹³/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹³/
Kunming /ʂʐ̩²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /səʔ²/
Pingyao /ʂʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /səʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /sei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ɕi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sət̚¹/
Taoyuan /ʃït̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sek̚⁵/
Nanning /sek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚³²/
/sit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (26)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨk̚/ /ɕi̯ək̚/ /ɕiək̚/ /ɕɨk̚/ /ɕik̚/ /ɕĭək̚/ /ɕiek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shì ‹ syik › /*l̥ ək/ pattern
shì ‹ syik › /*l̥ ək/ to wipe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14980 0 /*hljɯɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. type; style; system; fashion
  2. formula
  3. (grammar) mood; mode
    叙述  ―  xùshùshì  ―  indicative mood
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しき, romaji shiki)

  1. type, style
  2. formula
  3. ceremony, ritual, function

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana しき, romaji -shiki)

  1. ceremony
  2. formula, expression
  3. style

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sik) (hangeul , revised sik, McCune-Reischauer sik, Yale sik)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thức, sức)

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