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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯɡ): phonetic  ‎(OC *lɯɡ) + semantic  ‎(work)

Pronounced something like *l̥ək in Old Chinese; compare with 弋 *lək. See also .

Han character[edit]

(radical 56 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈心一 (IPM), four-corner 43100, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /ʃz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /sz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩¹³/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹³/
Kunming /ʂʐ̩²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /səʔ²/
Pingyao /ʂʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /səʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /sei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ɕi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sət̚¹/
Taoyuan /ʃït̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sek̚⁵/
Nanning /sek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚³²/
/sit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕik̚/
Li
Rong
/ɕiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ syik › ‹ syik ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ək/ /*l̥ək/
English pattern to wipe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14980
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. type; style; system; fashion
  2. formula
  3. (grammar) mood; mode
    叙述  ―  xùshùshì  ―  indicative mood
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しき, romaji shiki)

  1. type, style
  2. formula
  3. ceremony, ritual, function

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana しき, romaji -shiki)

  1. ceremony
  2. formula, expression
  3. style

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sik) (hangeul , revised sik, McCune-Reischauer sik, Yale sik)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thức, sức)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.