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U+5F0F, 式
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F0F

[U+5F0E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F10]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 56, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈心一 (IPM), four-corner 43100, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'ɯːɡs
*tɯːɡs
*l̥ʰɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːɡs
*l'ɯːs, *zlɯːs
*hljɯɡs
*hljɯɡs
*l̥ʰɯːɡ
*l̥ʰɯːɡ, *l'ɯːɡ
*l'ɯːɡ
*l̥ʰɯɡ, *hljɯɡ
*l̥ʰɯɡ
*l̥ʰɯɡ
*hljɯɡ
*hljɯɡ
*hljɯɡ
*hljɯɡ
*hljɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ
*lɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯɡ): phonetic  (OC *lɯɡ) + semantic  (work).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sek/siak - literary;
  • sit - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
    Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹/
    Qingdao /ʃz̩⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹²/
    Xi'an /ʂʐ̩²¹/
    Xining /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
    Wuhan /sz̩³⁵/
    Chengdu /sz̩¹³/
    Guiyang /sz̩²¹³/
    Kunming /ʂʐ̩²¹²/
    Nanjing /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /səʔ²/
    Pingyao /ʂʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /səʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /səʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /səʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /səʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /sei²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ɕi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /sɨʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /sət̚¹/
    Taoyuan /ʃït̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sek̚⁵/
    Nanning /sek̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sik̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚³²/
    /sit̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shì shì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syik › ‹ syik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ək/ /*l̥ək/
    English pattern to wipe

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14980
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljɯɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. law; moral standard; established practice
    2. example; model
    3. type; style; system; fashion; norm
    4. ceremony; ritual
    5. (mathematics, chemistry) formula
    6. (grammar) tense
    7. (grammar) mood; mode
      敘述 / 叙述  ―  xùshùshì  ―  indicative mood
    8. to follow the example of
    9. to set an example
    10. Alternative form of (shì, “to apply”).
    11. Alternative form of (shì, “to perform a kind of rites”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana しき, rōmaji shiki)

    1. type, style
    2. formula
    3. ceremony, ritual, function

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana しき, rōmaji -shiki)

    1. ceremony
    2. formula, expression
    3. style

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sik) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thức, sức)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.