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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
格-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
格-oracle.svg 格-bronze.svg 格-silk.svg 格-bigseal.svg 格-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *klaːɡ, *kraːɡ):  ‎(wood) + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水口 (DHER), composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 524, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14749
  • Dae Jaweon: page 912, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1203, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+683C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (103)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ge
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑk̚/ /kɑk̚/ /kɑk̚/ /kak̚/ /kɑk̚/ /kɑk̚/ /kɑk̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (113)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ge
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣæk̚/ /kɯak̚/ /kak̚/ /kaɨjk̚/ /kɐk̚/ /kɐk̚/ /kɐk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kæk › /*kˤrak/ go to

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3885 0 /*klaːɡ/
3894 0 /*kraːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pattern, standard, form
  2. style

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かく, romaji kaku)

  1. status, rank
  2. (grammar) case (of a word)
  3. capacity
  4. character
  5. case (law)

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いたる, romaji Itaru)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana かく, romaji Kaku)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana とおる, romaji Tōru)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyeok, nak) (hangeul , , revised gyeok, nak, McCune-Reischauer kyŏk, nak, Yale kyek, nak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cách, ghếch)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.