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See also: 𝌛
U+683C, 格
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-683C

[U+683B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+683D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水口 (DHER), composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 524, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14749
  • Dae Jaweon: page 912, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1203, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+683C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
格-oracle.svg 格-bronze.svg 格-silk.svg 格-seal.svg 格-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *klaːɡ, *kraːɡ): semantic  (wood) + phonetic  (OC *klaːɡ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: gaak3-2 - “square”.
Note:
  • keh/keeh - vernacular;
  • kek/kiak - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (103) (113)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑk̚/ /kˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑk̚/ /kᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑk̚/ /kak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kak̚/ /kaɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/kɑk̚/ /kɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/kɑk̚/ /kɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑk̚/ /kɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge ge
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤrak/
English go to

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3885 3894
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klaːɡ/ /*kraːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pattern; standard; form; style
  2. square; frame
  3. personality; character
  4. (grammar) case
  5. (mathematics) lattice
  6. to come; to arrive
  7. to obstruct; to hinder
  8. to investigate
  9. 22nd tetragram of the Taixuanjing
  10. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. An onomatopoeia.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かく, rōmaji kaku)

  1. status, rank
  2. (grammar) case (of a word)
  3. capacity
  4. character
  5. case (law)

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana いたる, rōmaji Itaru)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana かく, rōmaji Kaku)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana とおる, rōmaji Tōru)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeok, nak) (hangeul , , revised gyeok, nak, McCune-Reischauer kyŏk, nak, Yale kyek, nak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cách, ghếch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.