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U+683C, 格
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-683C

[U+683B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+683D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水口 (DHER), composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 524, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14749
  • Dae Jaweon: page 912, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1203, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+683C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
格-oracle.svg 格-bronze.svg 格-silk.svg 格-bigseal.svg 格-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰraːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
klaːɡ
kʰlaːɡ
kʰaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡ·raɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *klaːɡ, *kraːɡ): semantic  (wood) + phonetic  (OC *klaːɡ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • kiak/kek - literary;
  • keh/keeh - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (103) (113)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑk̚/ /kˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑk̚/ /kᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑk̚/ /kak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kak̚/ /kaɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/kɑk̚/ /kɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/kɑk̚/ /kɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑk̚/ /kɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge ge
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæk ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤrak/
English go to

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3885 3894
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klaːɡ/ /*kraːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pattern; standard; form; style
  2. square; frame
  3. personality; character
  4. (grammar) case
  5. to come; to arrive
  6. to obstruct; to hinder
  7. to investigate
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. onomatopoeia

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かく, rōmaji kaku)

  1. status, rank
  2. (grammar) case (of a word)
  3. capacity
  4. character
  5. case (law)

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana いたる, rōmaji Itaru)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana かく, rōmaji Kaku)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana とおる, rōmaji Tōru)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyeok, nak) (hangeul , , revised gyeok, nak, McCune-Reischauer kyŏk, nak, Yale kyek, nak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cách, ghếch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.