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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +9, 18 strokes, cangjie input 十口一月金 (JRMBC), four-corner 31686, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1406, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43586
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1924, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4384, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+984D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡraːɡ): phonetic  ‎(OC *kʰraːɡ) + semantic  ‎(head) – the front of the head.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (113)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
é
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngæk ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋˤrak/ (no pre-Qín exx?)
English forehead

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3906
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡraːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. forehead
  2. top part
  3. horizontal inscribed board; tablet, plaque
  4. amount

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひたい
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひたい, romaji hitai, historical hiragana ひたひ)

  1. forehead
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
がく
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ngæk).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana がく, romaji gaku)

  1. framed picture
  2. sum, amount
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぬか
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぬか, romaji nuka)

  1. forehead
  2. kowtowing
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(aek) (hangeul , revised aek, McCune-Reischauer aek, Yale ayk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngạch, nghệch, nghách, nghạch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.