Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:
U+984D, 額
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-984D

[U+984C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+984E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +9, 18 strokes, cangjie input 十口一月金 (JRMBC), four-corner 31686, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1406, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43586
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1924, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4384, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+984D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰraːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
klaːɡ
kʰlaːɡ
kʰaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡ·raɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡraːɡ): phonetic  (OC *kʰraːɡ) + semantic  (head) – the front of the head.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ŋa-k (forehead; cockscomb).

This word is only attested during Han and later. Wang (1982) suggested that it is cognate with (OC *ŋraːn, “face”), whereas Schuessler (2007) considers it a semantic extension of (OC *ŋɡraːɡ, “to face”).

The relationship to Proto-Mon-Khmer *[t1]ʔah (forehead), whence Khmer ថ្ងាស (thngas), is unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: ngaak6-2 - “top part, board, amount”.
Note:
  • ngiăh>ngiĕh - “forehead”;
  • ngiăh - “top part, board, amount”.
Note:
  • hia̍h - vernacular (“forehead, top part, board”);
  • gia̍h - vernacular (“amount”);
  • ge̍k/gia̍k - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (113)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
é
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngæk ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋˤrak/ (no pre-Qín exx?)
English forehead

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3906
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡraːɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) forehead
  2. (figuratively) top part
  3. (figuratively) horizontal inscribed board; tablet; plaque
  4. amount; quantity; number

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひたい
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひたい, rōmaji hitai, historical hiragana ひたひ)

  1. forehead
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
がく
Grade: 5
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (ngæk).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana がく, rōmaji gaku)

  1. framed picture
  2. sum, amount
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぬか
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぬか, rōmaji nuka)

  1. forehead
  2. kowtowing
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(aek) (hangeul , revised aek, McCune-Reischauer aek, Yale ayk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngạch, nghệch, nghách, nghạch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.