nuka

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See also: Nuka

Greenlandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

nuka

  1. younger sibling of someone of equal gender

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

nuka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ぬか

Swahili[edit]

Verb[edit]

-nuka (infinitive kunuka)

  1. stink (have a strong bad smell)

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -nuka
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kunuka kutonuka
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative nuka nukeni
Habitual hunuka
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilinuka
nalinuka
tulinuka
twalinuka
ulinuka
walinuka
mlinuka
mwalinuka
alinuka walinuka ulinuka ilinuka lilinuka yalinuka kilinuka vilinuka ilinuka zilinuka ulinuka kulinuka palinuka mulinuka
Relative nilionuka
nalionuka
tulionuka
twalionuka
ulionuka
walionuka
mlionuka
mwalionuka
alionuka walionuka ulionuka ilionuka lilionuka yalionuka kilionuka vilionuka ilionuka zilionuka ulionuka kulionuka palionuka mulionuka
Negative sikunuka hatukunuka hukunuka hamkunuka hakunuka hawakunuka haukunuka haikunuka halikunuka hayakunuka hakikunuka havikunuka haikunuka hazikunuka haukunuka hakukunuka hapakunuka hamukunuka
Present
Positive ninanuka
nanuka
tunanuka unanuka mnanuka ananuka wananuka unanuka inanuka linanuka yananuka kinanuka vinanuka inanuka zinanuka unanuka kunanuka pananuka munanuka
Relative ninaonuka
naonuka
tunaonuka unaonuka mnaonuka anaonuka wanaonuka unaonuka inaonuka linaonuka yanaonuka kinaonuka vinaonuka inaonuka zinaonuka unaonuka kunaonuka panaonuka munaonuka
Negative sinuki hatunuki hunuki hamnuki hanuki hawanuki haunuki hainuki halinuki hayanuki hakinuki havinuki hainuki hazinuki haunuki hakunuki hapanuki hamunuki
Future
Positive nitanuka tutanuka utanuka mtanuka atanuka watanuka utanuka itanuka litanuka yatanuka kitanuka vitanuka itanuka zitanuka utanuka kutanuka patanuka mutanuka
Relative nitakaonuka tutakaonuka utakaonuka mtakaonuka atakaonuka watakaonuka utakaonuka itakaonuka litakaonuka yatakaonuka kitakaonuka vitakaonuka itakaonuka zitakaonuka utakaonuka kutakaonuka patakaonuka mutakaonuka
Negative sitanuka hatutanuka hutanuka hamtanuka hatanuka hawatanuka hautanuka haitanuka halitanuka hayatanuka hakitanuka havitanuka haitanuka hazitanuka hautanuka hakutanuka hapatanuka hamutanuka
Subjunctive
Positive ninuke tunuke unuke mnuke anuke wanuke unuke inuke linuke yanuke kinuke vinuke inuke zinuke unuke kunuke panuke munuke
Negative nisinuke tusinuke usinuke msinuke asinuke wasinuke usinuke isinuke lisinuke yasinuke kisinuke visinuke isinuke zisinuke usinuke kusinuke pasinuke musinuke
Present Conditional
Positive ningenuka tungenuka ungenuka mngenuka angenuka wangenuka ungenuka ingenuka lingenuka yangenuka kingenuka vingenuka ingenuka zingenuka ungenuka kungenuka pangenuka mungenuka
Negative nisingenuka
singenuka
tusingenuka
hatungenuka
usingenuka
hungenuka
msingenuka
hamngenuka
asingenuka
hangenuka
wasingenuka
hawangenuka
usingenuka
haungenuka
isingenuka
haingenuka
lisingenuka
halingenuka
yasingenuka
hayangenuka
kisingenuka
hakingenuka
visingenuka
havingenuka
isingenuka
haingenuka
zisingenuka
hazingenuka
usingenuka
haungenuka
kusingenuka
hakungenuka
pasingenuka
hapangenuka
musingenuka
hamungenuka
Past Conditional
Positive ningalinuka tungalinuka ungalinuka mngalinuka angalinuka wangalinuka ungalinuka ingalinuka lingalinuka yangalinuka kingalinuka vingalinuka ingalinuka zingalinuka ungalinuka kungalinuka pangalinuka mungalinuka
Negative nisingalinuka
singalinuka
tusingalinuka
hatungalinuka
usingalinuka
hungalinuka
msingalinuka
hamngalinuka
asingalinuka
hangalinuka
wasingalinuka
hawangalinuka
usingalinuka
haungalinuka
isingalinuka
haingalinuka
lisingalinuka
halingalinuka
yasingalinuka
hayangalinuka
kisingalinuka
hakingalinuka
visingalinuka
havingalinuka
isingalinuka
haingalinuka
zisingalinuka
hazingalinuka
usingalinuka
haungalinuka
kusingalinuka
hakungalinuka
pasingalinuka
hapangalinuka
musingalinuka
hamungalinuka
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelinuka tungelinuka ungelinuka mngelinuka angelinuka wangelinuka ungelinuka ingelinuka lingelinuka yangelinuka kingelinuka vingelinuka ingelinuka zingelinuka ungelinuka kungelinuka pangelinuka mungelinuka
General Relative
Positive ninukao tunukao unukao mnukao anukao wanukao unukao inukao linukao yanukao kinukao vinukao inukao zinukao unukao kunukao panukao munukao
Negative nisionuka tusionuka usionuka msionuka asionuka wasionuka usionuka isionuka lisionuka yasionuka kisionuka visionuka isionuka zisionuka usionuka kusionuka pasionuka musionuka
Gnomic
Positive nanuka twanuka wanuka mwanuka anuka wanuka wanuka yanuka lanuka yanuka chanuka vyanuka yanuka zanuka wanuka kwanuka panuka mwanuka
Perfect
Positive nimenuka tumenuka umenuka mmenuka amenuka wamenuka umenuka imenuka limenuka yamenuka kimenuka vimenuka imenuka zimenuka umenuka kumenuka pamenuka mumenuka
"Already"
Positive nimeshanuka tumeshanuka umeshanuka mmeshanuka ameshanuka wameshanuka umeshanuka imeshanuka limeshanuka yameshanuka kimeshanuka vimeshanuka imeshanuka zimeshanuka umeshanuka kumeshanuka pameshanuka mumeshanuka
"Not yet"
Negative sijanuka hatujanuka hujanuka hamjanuka hajanuka hawajanuka haujanuka haijanuka halijanuka hayajanuka hakijanuka havijanuka haijanuka hazijanuka haujanuka hakujanuka hapajanuka hamujanuka
"If/When"
Positive nikinuka tukinuka ukinuka mkinuka akinuka wakinuka ukinuka ikinuka likinuka yakinuka kikinuka vikinuka ikinuka zikinuka ukinuka kukinuka pakinuka mukinuka
"If not"
Negative nisiponuka tusiponuka usiponuka msiponuka asiponuka wasiponuka usiponuka isiponuka lisiponuka yasiponuka kisiponuka visiponuka isiponuka zisiponuka usiponuka kusiponuka pasiponuka musiponuka
Consecutive
Positive nikanuka tukanuka ukanuka mkanuka akanuka wakanuka ukanuka ikanuka likanuka yakanuka kikanuka vikanuka ikanuka zikanuka ukanuka kukanuka pakanuka mukanuka
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-nuka?

  1. (intransitive) to smell (have a particular odour)
  2. (transitive) to smell (detect the odour of)

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukunuka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukunuka ukunganuki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular nuka nuke
Plural nukani nukeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyanuka, nginuka engiyanuka, enginuka nginuka anginuki enginganuki nginganuki
2nd singular uyanuka, unuka oyanuka, onuka unuka awunuki onganuki unganuki
1st plural siyanuka, sinuka esiyanuka, esinuka sinuka asinuki esinganuki singanuki
2nd plural niyanuka, ninuka eniyanuka, eninuka ninuka aninuki eninganuki ninganuki
Class 1 uyanuka, unuka oyanuka, onuka enuka akanuki onganuki enganuki
Class 2 bayanuka, banuka abayanuka, abanuka benuka abanuki abanganuki benganuki
Class 3 uyanuka, unuka oyanuka, onuka unuka awunuki onganuki unganuki
Class 4 iyanuka, inuka eyanuka, enuka inuka ayinuki enganuki inganuki
Class 5 liyanuka, linuka eliyanuka, elinuka linuka alinuki elinganuki linganuki
Class 6 ayanuka, anuka ayanuka, anuka enuka awanuki anganuki enganuki
Class 7 siyanuka, sinuka esiyanuka, esinuka sinuka asinuki esinganuki singanuki
Class 8 ziyanuka, zinuka eziyanuka, ezinuka zinuka azinuki ezinganuki zinganuki
Class 9 iyanuka, inuka eyanuka, enuka inuka ayinuki enganuki inganuki
Class 10 ziyanuka, zinuka eziyanuka, ezinuka zinuka azinuki ezinganuki zinganuki
Class 11 luyanuka, lunuka oluyanuka, olunuka lunuka alunuki olunganuki lunganuki
Class 14 buyanuka, bunuka obuyanuka, obunuka bunuka abunuki obunganuki bunganuki
Class 15 kuyanuka, kunuka okuyanuka, okunuka kunuka akunuki okunganuki kunganuki
Class 17 kuyanuka, kunuka okuyanuka, okunuka kunuka akunuki okunganuki kunganuki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginukile, nginukē enginukile, enginukē nginukile, nginukē anginukanga enginganukanga nginganukanga
2nd singular unukile, unukē onukile, onukē unukile, unukē awunukanga onganukanga unganukanga
1st plural sinukile, sinukē esinukile, esinukē sinukile, sinukē asinukanga esinganukanga singanukanga
2nd plural ninukile, ninukē eninukile, eninukē ninukile, ninukē aninukanga eninganukanga ninganukanga
Class 1 unukile, unukē onukile, onukē enukile, enukē akanukanga onganukanga enganukanga
Class 2 banukile, banukē abanukile, abanukē benukile, benukē abanukanga abanganukanga benganukanga
Class 3 unukile, unukē onukile, onukē unukile, unukē awunukanga onganukanga unganukanga
Class 4 inukile, inukē enukile, enukē inukile, inukē ayinukanga enganukanga inganukanga
Class 5 linukile, linukē elinukile, elinukē linukile, linukē alinukanga elinganukanga linganukanga
Class 6 anukile, anukē anukile, anukē enukile, enukē awanukanga anganukanga enganukanga
Class 7 sinukile, sinukē esinukile, esinukē sinukile, sinukē asinukanga esinganukanga singanukanga
Class 8 zinukile, zinukē ezinukile, ezinukē zinukile, zinukē azinukanga ezinganukanga zinganukanga
Class 9 inukile, inukē enukile, enukē inukile, inukē ayinukanga enganukanga inganukanga
Class 10 zinukile, zinukē ezinukile, ezinukē zinukile, zinukē azinukanga ezinganukanga zinganukanga
Class 11 lunukile, lunukē olunukile, olunukē lunukile, lunukē alunukanga olunganukanga lunganukanga
Class 14 bunukile, bunukē obunukile, obunukē bunukile, bunukē abunukanga obunganukanga bunganukanga
Class 15 kunukile, kunukē okunukile, okunukē kunukile, kunukē akunukanga okunganukanga kunganukanga
Class 17 kunukile, kunukē okunukile, okunukē kunukile, kunukē akunukanga okunganukanga kunganukanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngānuka engānuka ngānuka anginukanga enginganukanga nginganukanga
2nd singular wānuka owānuka wānuka awunukanga onganukanga unganukanga
1st plural sānuka esānuka sānuka asinukanga esinganukanga singanukanga
2nd plural nānuka enānuka nānuka aninukanga eninganukanga ninganukanga
Class 1 wānuka owānuka ānuka akanukanga onganukanga enganukanga
Class 2 bānuka abānuka bānuka abanukanga abanganukanga benganukanga
Class 3 wānuka owānuka wānuka awunukanga onganukanga unganukanga
Class 4 yānuka eyānuka yānuka ayinukanga enganukanga inganukanga
Class 5 lānuka elānuka lānuka alinukanga elinganukanga linganukanga
Class 6 ānuka ānuka ānuka awanukanga anganukanga enganukanga
Class 7 sānuka esānuka sānuka asinukanga esinganukanga singanukanga
Class 8 zānuka ezānuka zānuka azinukanga ezinganukanga zinganukanga
Class 9 yānuka eyānuka yānuka ayinukanga enganukanga inganukanga
Class 10 zānuka ezānuka zānuka azinukanga ezinganukanga zinganukanga
Class 11 lwānuka olwānuka lwānuka alunukanga olunganukanga lunganukanga
Class 14 bānuka obānuka bānuka abunukanga obunganukanga bunganukanga
Class 15 kwānuka okwānuka kwānuka akunukanga okunganukanga kunganukanga
Class 17 kwānuka okwānuka kwānuka akunukanga okunganukanga kunganukanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginganuka nginganuka ngingenuke ngingenuke
2nd singular unganuka unganuka ungenuke ungenuke
1st plural singanuka singanuka singenuke singenuke
2nd plural ninganuka ninganuka ningenuke ningenuke
Class 1 anganuka enganuka angenuke engenuke
Class 2 banganuka benganuka bangenuke bengenuke
Class 3 unganuka unganuka ungenuke ungenuke
Class 4 inganuka inganuka ingenuke ingenuke
Class 5 linganuka linganuka lingenuke lingenuke
Class 6 anganuka enganuka angenuke engenuke
Class 7 singanuka singanuka singenuke singenuke
Class 8 zinganuka zinganuka zingenuke zingenuke
Class 9 inganuka inganuka ingenuke ingenuke
Class 10 zinganuka zinganuka zingenuke zingenuke
Class 11 lunganuka lunganuka lungenuke lungenuke
Class 14 bunganuka bunganuka bungenuke bungenuke
Class 15 kunganuka kunganuka kungenuke kungenuke
Class 17 kunganuka kunganuka kungenuke kungenuke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizonuka engizonuka ngizonuka angizunuka ngingezunuka
2nd singular uzonuka ozonuka uzonuka awuzunuka ungezunuka
1st plural sizonuka esizonuka sizonuka asizunuka singezunuka
2nd plural nizonuka enizonuka nizonuka anizunuka ningezunuka
Class 1 uzonuka ozonuka ezonuka akazunuka engezunuka
Class 2 bazonuka abazonuka bezonuka abazunuka bengezunuka
Class 3 uzonuka ozonuka uzonuka awuzunuka ungezunuka
Class 4 izonuka ezonuka izonuka ayizunuka ingezunuka
Class 5 lizonuka elizonuka lizonuka alizunuka lingezunuka
Class 6 azonuka azonuka ezonuka awazunuka engezunuka
Class 7 sizonuka esizonuka sizonuka asizunuka singezunuka
Class 8 zizonuka ezizonuka zizonuka azizunuka zingezunuka
Class 9 izonuka ezonuka izonuka ayizunuka ingezunuka
Class 10 zizonuka ezizonuka zizonuka azizunuka zingezunuka
Class 11 luzonuka oluzonuka luzonuka aluzunuka lungezunuka
Class 14 buzonuka obuzonuka buzonuka abuzunuka bungezunuka
Class 15 kuzonuka okuzonuka kuzonuka akuzunuka kungezunuka
Class 17 kuzonuka okuzonuka kuzonuka akuzunuka kungezunuka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyonuka engiyonuka ngiyonuka angiyunuka ngingeyunuka
2nd singular uyonuka oyonuka uyonuka awuyunuka ungeyunuka
1st plural siyonuka esiyonuka siyonuka asiyunuka singeyunuka
2nd plural niyonuka eniyonuka niyonuka aniyunuka ningeyunuka
Class 1 uyonuka oyonuka eyonuka akayunuka engeyunuka
Class 2 bayonuka abayonuka beyonuka abayunuka bengeyunuka
Class 3 uyonuka oyonuka uyonuka awuyunuka ungeyunuka
Class 4 iyonuka eyonuka iyonuka ayiyunuka ingeyunuka
Class 5 liyonuka eliyonuka liyonuka aliyunuka lingeyunuka
Class 6 ayonuka ayonuka eyonuka awayunuka engeyunuka
Class 7 siyonuka esiyonuka siyonuka asiyunuka singeyunuka
Class 8 ziyonuka eziyonuka ziyonuka aziyunuka zingeyunuka
Class 9 iyonuka eyonuka iyonuka ayiyunuka ingeyunuka
Class 10 ziyonuka eziyonuka ziyonuka aziyunuka zingeyunuka
Class 11 luyonuka oluyonuka luyonuka aluyunuka lungeyunuka
Class 14 buyonuka obuyonuka buyonuka abuyunuka bungeyunuka
Class 15 kuyonuka okuyonuka kuyonuka akuyunuka kungeyunuka
Class 17 kuyonuka okuyonuka kuyonuka akuyunuka kungeyunuka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular nginuke nginganuki
2nd singular unuke unganuki
1st plural sinuke singanuki
2nd plural ninuke ninganuki
Class 1 anuke anganuki
Class 2 banuke banganuki
Class 3 unuke unganuki
Class 4 inuke inganuki
Class 5 linuke linganuki
Class 6 anuke anganuki
Class 7 sinuke singanuki
Class 8 zinuke zinganuki
Class 9 inuke inganuki
Class 10 zinuke zinganuki
Class 11 lunuke lunganuki
Class 14 bunuke bunganuki
Class 15 kunuke kunganuki
Class 17 kunuke kunganuki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular nganuka anginuka
2nd singular wanuka awunuka
1st plural sanuka asinuka
2nd plural nanuka aninuka
Class 1 wanuka akanuka
Class 2 banuka abanuka
Class 3 wanuka awunuka
Class 4 yanuka ayinuka
Class 5 lanuka alinuka
Class 6 anuka awanuka
Class 7 sanuka asinuka
Class 8 zanuka azinuka
Class 9 yanuka ayinuka
Class 10 zanuka azinuka
Class 11 lwanuka alunuka
Class 14 banuka abunuka
Class 15 kwanuka akunuka
Class 17 kwanuka akunuka

References[edit]