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U+984F, 顏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-984F

[U+984E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9850]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 181, +9, 18 strokes, cangjie input 難卜竹一月 (XYHMB) or 卜竹一月金 (YHMBC), four-corner 01286, composition )

Related characters[edit]

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1407, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43591
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1924, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): not present, would follow volume 7, page 4383, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+984F

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
2nd round simp.
alternative forms 𩕝
𩠪
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Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ŋraːn): phonetic (OC *ŋrans) + semantic (head).

Bronze inscription forms: Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ŋraːn): phonetic () + semantic (face).

Etymology[edit]

Various possibilities exist:

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen:
    • gân - literary (incl. surname);
    • hiâⁿ - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: nguang5 / nguêng5 / hian5 / ngang5
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: nguâng / nguêng / hiâⁿ / ngâng
    • Sinological IPA (key): /ŋuaŋ⁵⁵/, /ŋueŋ⁵⁵/, /hĩã⁵⁵/, /ŋaŋ⁵⁵/
  • Note:
    • nguang5 - Shantou, nguêng5 - Chaozhou;
    • hian5/ngang5 - surname.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (69)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Baxter ngaen
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠan/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚan/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋaɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋan/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋan/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋan/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yán
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ngaan4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yán yán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngæn › ‹ ngæn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ŋˁrar/ /*C.ŋˁrar/
    English face, forehead surname

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14405
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋraːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary, anatomy) forehead, especially the glabellar area
    2. countenance; facial expression
        ―  róngyán  ―  countenance; looks
      笑逐笑逐  ―  xiàozhúyánkāi  ―  to beam with joy
    3. color; hue
        ―  yán  ―  color
    4. prestige; dignity
        ―  hòuyán  ―  brazen; shameless
    5. a surname
        ―  Yán Zhēnqīng  ―  Yan Zhenqing (Tang dynasty calligrapher)

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (face):
    • (color): ()

    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )[1]

    1. Kyūjitai form of (face; expression)

    Readings[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    For the character commonly used in modern Japan, see instead.

    References[edit]

    1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (an) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer an, Yale an)

    1. face
    2. facial appearance

    Miyako[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Etymology[edit]

    From (, eye) + (pana, nose).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (みぱな) (mipana

    1. face

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ちら) (chira

    1. face

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: nhan

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.