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U+984F, 顏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-984F

[U+984E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9850]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +9, 18 strokes, cangjie input X卜竹一月 (XYHMB) or 卜竹一月金 (YHMBC), four-corner 01286, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1407, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43591
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1924, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4383, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+984F

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
Wikipedia has an article on:
顏姓

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːns, *ŋrans
*sŋ̊ʰreːnʔ, *sŋ̊ʰraːns
*sŋreːnʔ
*sreːnʔ
*sreːnʔ
*sŋreːnʔ
*sŋreːnʔ
*ŋraːn
*ŋraːn
*ŋraːns
*ŋranʔ
*ŋranʔ
*ŋranʔ
*ŋrans
*ŋrans

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraːn): phonetic  (OC *ŋrans) + semantic .

Bronze inscription forms: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraːn): phonetic  + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

Various possibilities exist:

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen:
    • gân - literary;
    • hiâⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (69)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠan/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨn/
Li
Rong
/ŋan/
Wang
Li
/ŋan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yán yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngæn › ‹ ngæn ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋˤrar/ /*C.ŋˤrar/
English face, forehead surname

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14405
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) forehead, especially the glabellar area
  2. (anatomy) face
  3. countenance; facial expression
    /   ―  yánmiàn  ―  face, prestige
    /   ―  róngyán  ―  countenance; looks
  4. color; hue
    /   ―  yán  ―  color
  5. prestige; dignity
    /   ―  hòuyán  ―  brazen; shameless
  6. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (face):
Dialectal synonyms of (“face”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin
Hailar 臉蛋子
Ulan Hot 臉蛋子
Tongliao 臉蛋子
Chifeng
Baochang
Bayanhot
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou 臉兒臉膛子
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Yangjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Luchuan
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu 面盤
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah 面鉢
Senai 面鉢
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Jining
Hohhot
Baotou
Dongsheng 眉眼
Linhe
Haibowan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing 面䫌
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Pinghua Nanning
Guilin
Wu Shanghai 面孔面顴
Suzhou 面孔
Hangzhou 臉孔
Wenzhou 面股
Chongming 面孔
Danyang 面孔
Jinhua 面孔
Ningbo 面孔
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou
  • (color): ()

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. face
  2. expression

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(an) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

  1. face
  2. facial appearance

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.