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U+984F, 顏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-984F

[U+984E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9850]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +9, 18 strokes, cangjie input X卜竹一月 (XYHMB) or 卜竹一月金 (YHMBC), four-corner 01286, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1407, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43591
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1924, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 7, page 4383, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+984F

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːns, *ŋrans
*sŋ̥ʰreːnʔ, *sŋ̥ʰraːns
*sŋreːnʔ
*sreːnʔ
*sreːnʔ
*sŋreːnʔ
*sŋreːnʔ
*ŋraːn
*ŋraːn
*ŋraːns
*ŋranʔ
*ŋranʔ
*ŋranʔ
*ŋrans
*ŋrans

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraːn): phonetic (OC *ŋrans) + semantic .

Bronze inscription forms: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraːn): phonetic  + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

Various possibilities exist:

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen:
    • gân - literary;
    • hiâⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (69)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠan/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨn/
Li
Rong
/ŋan/
Wang
Li
/ŋan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yán yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngæn › ‹ ngæn ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋˤrar/ /*C.ŋˤrar/
English face, forehead surname

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14405
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) forehead, especially the glabellar area
  2. (anatomy) face
  3. countenance; facial expression
    /   ―  yánmiàn  ―  face, prestige
    /   ―  róngyán  ―  countenance; looks
  4. color; hue
    /   ―  yán  ―  color
  5. prestige; dignity
    /   ―  hòuyán  ―  brazen; shameless
  6. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (face):
Dialectal synonyms of (“face”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 面孔
Suzhou 面孔
Wenzhou 面股
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
  • (color): ()

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(an) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.