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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
車-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
車-oracle.svg 車-bronze.svg 車-silk.svg 車-bigseal.svg 車-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事): it is derived from a pictogram of a carriage seen from above, with the long vertical stroke representing the axle, the central square representing the body of the carriage, and the top and bottom horizontal lines representing the wheels.

Note that (as in left part of ) is not derived from 車.

Han character[edit]

(radical 159 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十田十 (JWJ), four-corner 50006)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1239, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38172
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1712, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3511, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8ECA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (24)
Final: (100)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chē
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰia/ /t͡ɕʰia/ /t͡ɕʰia/ /cʰia/ /t͡ɕʰia/ /t͡ɕʰĭa/ /t͡ɕʰi̯a/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chē ‹ tsyhæ › /*[t.qʰ](r)A/ chariot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1311 0 /*kʰlja/

Noun[edit]

  1. vehicle; car   (Classifier: ; ; c; mn)
  2. machine; instrument   (Classifier: )

Usage notes[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. carry in cart
  2. to machine, to shape with a lathe
  3. to tailor or sew using a sewing machine
    / [Cantonese]  ―  ce1 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  to sew clothes with a sewing machine
  4. (Cantonese) to drive somebody; to give somebody a ride
    可以地鐵 [Cantonese, trad.]
    可以地铁 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Nei5 ho2 m4 ho2 ji5 ce1 ngo5 heoi3 dei6 tit3 zaam6 aa3? [Jyutping]
    Can you drive me to the MTR station?

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (22)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jū
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɨʌ/ /kiɔ/ /kiɔ/ /kɨə̆/ /kiɔ/ /kĭo/ /ki̯wo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kjo › /*C.q(r)a/ chariot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1315 0 /*kla/

Definitions[edit]

  1. chariot/rook in Chinese chess

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. vehicle

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
くるま
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(counter , hiragana くるま, romaji kuruma)

  1. a car, an automobile, a carriage, a cart
  2. a wheel, a caster

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cha, geo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: cha, geo, McCune-Reischauer: ch'a, kŏ, Yale: cha, ke)
  1. (수레 차, sure-): cart; wheeled machinery

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xa, xe, , se, xế, nhơn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]