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U+9762, 面
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9762

[U+9761]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9763]
U+2FAF, ⾯
KANGXI RADICAL FACE

[U+2FAE]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FB0]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified
Stroke order
面-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 176, +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一田尸中 (MWSL) or 一田卜中 (MWYL), four-corner 10600, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #176, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1383, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42618
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1896, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4398, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9762

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Small seal script
面-oracle.svg 面-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形), A mans face, with an eye exaggerated, derived from 𦣻.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𫩑 second round simplified

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-mjal (face); cognate with Mizo hmêl (face), Jingpho man (face). (OC *menʔ, “to turn; to violate”) is probably cognate (Wang, 1982), perhaps its endoactive (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: min6-2 - reputation, face.
Note:
  • méng - vernacular;
  • miêng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • bīn/bǐn - vernacular;
    • biān - literary.
    Note: mêng7 - Jieyang.
    Note:
    • mienn5 - vernacular;
    • mienn4 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /miᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mjænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /miɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯ɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    miàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    min6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    miàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjienH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.me[n]-s/
    English face

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9098
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mens/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or dialectal) face (Classifier: c)
    2. surface; plane
    3. aspect; side; respect
    4. side; dimension
    5. Short for 面試面试 (miànshì, “interview”).
      HR  ―  HRmiàn  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    6. (Cantonese, Singapore Hokkien) dignity; reputation; face
      [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 min6-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to lose face; to be embarrassed
    7. to face
    8. Classifier for objects with a flat surface.
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (face):
    edit
    • (dignity):

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (めん) (men)
    • Korean: (, myeon)
    • Vietnamese: diện ()

    Others:

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“flour; dough; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. mask
    2. face
    3. features
    4. surface

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Tengu.jpg
    Kanji in this term
    めん
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (めん) (men

    1. face
      (めん)あり
      Men ari!
      (kendo) Face hit!
    2. surface
    3. mask
      天狗(てんぐ)(めん)
      tengu no o-men
      tengu mask
    4. page
    5. (music) side of a record or CD
      A(りょうエ)(めん)
      ryō e-men
      double A-side

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    おもて
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (おもて) (omote (alternative reading hiragana おも, rōmaji omo)

    1. face
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    つら
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (つら) (tsura

    1. face
    2. surface
    3. mask
    4. page
    Derived terms[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (づら) (-zura

    1. -looking

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    おも
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    おも
    [noun] face
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC miᴇnH).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 면〮 (Yale: myén)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] ᄂᆞᆺ (Yale: nòs) 면〯 (Yale: myěn)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [mjʌ̹(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (nat myeon))

    1. Hanja form? of (side; aspect). [noun]
    2. Hanja form? of ((government) township). [noun]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Hán Tự[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: diện, miến[1]

    1. (colloquial) Hán tự form of diện (to dress up, to be well-dressed).
    2. Hán tự form of diện (face, appearance).
    3. Hán tự form of diện (aspect; area).

    References[edit]