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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-962E
Code point U+962E
Entity number 阮
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+962D] [U+962F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 弓中一一山 (NLMMU), four-corner 71211, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1346, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41569
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1848, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4116, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+962E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

The ruan is named after Chinese scholar 阮咸 (Ruǎn Xián) of the Six Dynasties period, who played this instrument.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuan²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʐuan²¹³/
/yan²¹³/
Tianjin /yan¹³/
/ʐuan¹³/
Jinan /yã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /yã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐuan⁵³/
Xi'an /vã⁵³/
Xining /yã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐuan⁵³/
Lanzhou /vɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /van⁵¹/
Wuhan /yɛn⁴²/
Chengdu /zuan⁵³/
Guiyang /zuan⁴²/
Kunming /ʐuã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /ʐuaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /ʐʊ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /zuæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /ʐuɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐuæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵyø¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiø³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔyõ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ne³⁵/
Tunxi /yɛ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /yẽ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /ŋion³¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn³⁵/
Nanning /yn²⁴/
Hong Kong /jyn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /guan⁵³/
/ŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /nyiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (31)
Final: (66)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yuán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋʉɐn/ /ŋʷiɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/ /ŋuan/ /ŋiuɐn/ /ŋĭwɐn/ /ŋi̯wɐn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (31)
Final: (66)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yuǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋʉɐnX/ /ŋʷiɐnX/ /ŋiuɐnX/ /ŋuanX/ /ŋiuɐnX/ /ŋĭwɐnX/ /ŋi̯wɐnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16152 3 /*ŋon/
16153 3 /*ŋonʔ/

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.
  2. state of Ruan (a small state during the Shang Dynasty)

Noun[edit]

  1. (music) ruan
    Synonyms: 秦琵琶 (qínpípá), 阮咸 (ruǎnxián), 阮琴

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the elision of 我儂我侬 (góa-nâng).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Determiner[edit]

  1. my
  2. (exclusive) our

Pronoun[edit]

(Min Nan)

  1. (exclusive) we; us
  2. I; me
Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wan, won) (hangeul , , revised wan, won, McCune-Reischauer wan, wŏn, Yale wan, wen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Han character[edit]

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