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Translingual[edit]

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Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 弓中一一山 (NLMMU), four-corner 71211)

  1. ancient musical instrument (moon-shaped lute)
  2. used as a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1346, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41569
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1848, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4116, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+962E

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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This character's usage to refer to a Chinese plucked, fretted, round-bodied lute with four strings derives from 阮咸 (Ruǎn Xián), a Chinese scholar of the Six Dynasties period, who played this instrument.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

  1. (music) ruan

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (阮), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 愚袁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐn/ /ŋi̯wɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/ /ŋʷiɐn/ /ŋuan/ /ŋĭwɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/
Character (阮), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 虞遠切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐnX/ /ŋi̯wɐnX/ /ŋiuɐnX/ /ŋʷiɐnX/ /ŋuanX/ /ŋĭwɐnX/ /ŋiuɐnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16152 3 /*ŋon/
16153 3 /*ŋonʔ/

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 3[edit]

From the elision of 我儂我侬.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) we; us (not including you)
  2. (Min Nan) I; me
  3. (Min Nan) my
Related terms[edit]
  • (lán, “we: including you”)

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(wan, won) (hangeul , , revised wan, won, McCune-Reischauer wan, wŏn, Yale wan, wen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

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