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U+962E, 阮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-962E

[U+962D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+962F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 170, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 弓中一一山 (NLMMU), four-corner 71211, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1346, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41569
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1848, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4116, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+962E

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋoːn, *kŋoːns
*kŋoːn, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋ̊ʰoːnʔ, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn, *ŋoːns
*ŋoːn, *ŋon
黿 *ŋoːn, *ŋon
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons
*ɦŋoːnʔ, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋroːn, *ŋroːn
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ɦŋuːn, *ɦŋuːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋon, *ŋonʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ŋon).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
阮 (乐器) (Written Standard Chinese?)
Ruan (English)
Wikipedia has articles on:
阮姓 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Nguyen (English)
ruan (musical instrument)”
The ruan is named after Chinese scholar 阮咸 (Ruǎn Xián) of the Six Dynasties period, who played this instrument.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • nuōng - instrument;
  • uōng - surname.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • nguêng2 - Chaozhou;
    • nguang2 - Shantou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʐuan²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʐuan²¹³/
    /yan²¹³/
    Tianjin /yan¹³/
    /ʐuan¹³/
    Jinan /yã⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /yã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʐuan⁵³/
    Xi'an /vã⁵³/
    Xining /yã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʐuan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /vɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /van⁵¹/
    Wuhan /yɛn⁴²/
    Chengdu /zuan⁵³/
    Guiyang /zuan⁴²/
    Kunming /ʐuã̠⁵³/
    Nanjing /ʐuaŋ²¹²/
    Hefei /ʐʊ̃²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /zuæ̃⁵³/
    Pingyao /ʐuɑŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ʐuæ̃⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵyø²³/
    Suzhou /ɦiø³¹/
    Hangzhou /ʔyõ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /ȵy³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ne³⁵/
    Tunxi /yɛ²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /yẽ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /yẽ⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /ŋion³¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn³⁵/
    Nanning /yn²⁴/
    Hong Kong /jyn³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /guan⁵³/
    /ŋ⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /nyiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋʉɐnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋʷiɐnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiuɐnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋuanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiuɐnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭwɐnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯wɐnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yuǎn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 16153
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋonʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. A surname​.
    2. (historical) state of Ruan (a small state during the Shang Dynasty)
    3. (music) ruan
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms

    Contraction of 我儂我侬 (góa-nâng, “we”). See (“person; pronoun suffix”) for more.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min Nan, exclusive) we; our
    2. (Hokkien) I; my
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 我們 (“we”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 吾儕我等我曹我輩
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 我們
    Mandarin Beijing 我們姆們
    Taiwan 我們
    Tianjin 我們
    Harbin 我們
    Jinan 我們俺們俺這伙
    Muping
    Luoyang 我們俺們
    Jiedian 我的
    Xi'an 俺的
    Xining 我們
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan 卬們
    Lanzhou 我們
    Ürümqi 我們
    Wuhan 我們
    Chengdu 我們
    Guiyang 我們
    Liuzhou 我們
    Yangzhou 我們我輩兒
    Nanjing 我們
    Hefei 我們
    Nantong 我恁
    Malaysia 我們
    Singapore 我們
    Cantonese Guangzhou 我哋
    Hong Kong 我哋
    Dongguan 我哋
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Kuala Lumpur 我哋
    Gan Nanchang 我個俚我等我們
    Lichuan 我多
    Pingxiang 我俚巷俚
    Hakka Meixian 𠊎等人𠊎兜人
    Xingning 𠊎兜人
    Huidong 𠊎兜人
    Qujiang 𠊎俚
    Changting 𠊎儕們𠊎儕
    Pingyu 𠊎等人𠊎兜
    Wuping 𠊎等人
    Ninghua 𠊎人𠊎多人
    Yudu 𠊎底
    Ruijin 𠊎班人
    Shicheng 𠊎郎人
    Shangyou 𠊎子人
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎兜𠊎等𠊎兜人𠊎兜儕𠊎這兜
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎等𠊎等人
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎兜𠊎等𠊎兜人𠊎兜儕
    Dongshi (Dabu) 吾等吾這兜吾這兜人
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 𠊎兜𠊎等𠊎兜人𠊎兜儕
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎人
    Senai 吾兜
    Huizhou Jixi 我人
    Jin Taiyuan 我們俺們
    Xinzhou 俺們
    Min Bei Jian'ou 我人我伙人
    Min Dong Fuzhou 我各儂
    Fuqing 儂家儂家各儂
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang 我儂
    Singapore 我儂
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Haifeng 阮儂
    Haikou 我儂
    Leizhou 我儂
    Puxian Min Putian 我輩
    Xianyou 我輩
    Pinghua Nanning 我哋
    Wu Shanghai 阿拉我伲 dated dated
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou 我們
    Wenzhou 我倈
    Chongming 我俚
    Danyang 我己
    Jinhua 我浪
    Tangxi 我道
    Ningbo 阿拉
    Xiang Changsha 我們
    Shuangfeng 我俚卬俚
    Loudi 我俺

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋʉɐn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋʷiɐn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋuan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiuɐn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭwɐn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯wɐn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yuán
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 16152
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋon/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. The name of a mountain.
    2. Alternative form of (yuán), only used in 五阮關五阮关.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): げん (gen)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (wan, won) (hangeul , , revised wan, won, McCune–Reischauer wan, wŏn, Yale wan, wen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia

    Han character[edit]

    (Nguyễn, ngán, ngón, ngoãn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.