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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
阿-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓中一弓口 (NLMNR), four-corner 71220, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1348, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41599
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1850, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4119, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+963F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qaːl): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʰaːlʔ): Originally meaning a big mound.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in front of persons' given names or kinship terms to express familiarity (traditionally in rural or southern Chinese dialects).
      ―  ā  ―  Dad
      ―  Ā Biǎn  ―  A-Bian (Chen Shui-bian)
      ―  Ā Gān  ―  A-Gump (Forrest Gump)
  2. Alternative form of (ā,á,ǎ,à,a, “particle”).
  3. Abbreviation of 阿富汗 (Āfùhàn, “Afghanistan”).
  4. Abbreviation of 阿爾巴尼亞阿尔巴尼亚 (Ā'ěrbāníyà, “Albania”).

Descendants[edit]

  • English: Ah

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (94)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: ē
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɑ/ /ʔɑ/ /ʔɑ/ /ʔa/ /ʔɑ/ /ɑ/ /ʔɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ē ‹ ʔa › /*qˤa[j]/ slope, river bank
ē ‹ ʔa › /*ʔˤa (< *qˤaj)/ 阿會亘 ēhuìxuān: Skt. ābhāsvara “shining” (E. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7468 1 /*qaːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. big mound
  2. mountain
  3. fine silks
  4. bend; corner
  5. waterside
  6. nearby; near
  7. A surname​.
  8. to flatter; to pander to
    諛奉承 / 谀奉承  ―  ēyúfèngchéng  ―  sweet-talking
  9. to be unfairly partial to
  10. Alternative form of (ē, “to excrete”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(a, ok) (hangeul , , revised a, ok, McCune-Reischauer a, ok, Yale a, ok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(a, à)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.