Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
阿-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic  : Originally meaning a big mound.

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓中一弓口 (NLMNR), four-corner 71220, composition)

  1. determiner for given names
  2. used in transliteration for /a/

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1348, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41599
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1850, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4119, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+963F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑ/ /ʔɑ/ /ʔɑ/ /ʔɑ/ /ʔa/ /ɑ/ /ʔɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ē ‹ ʔa › /*qˤa[j]/ slope, river bank
ē ‹ ʔa › /*ʔˤa (< *qˤaj)/ 阿會亘 ēhuìxuān: Skt. ābhāsvara “shining” (E. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7468 1 /*qaːl/

Particle[edit]

  1. Used in front of persons' given names or kinship terms to express familiarity (traditionally in rural or southern Chinese dialects
      ―  Ā Biǎn  ―  A-Bian (Chen Shui-bian)
      ―  Ā Gān  ―  A-Gump (Forrest Gump)
      ―  ā  ―  Dad

Descendants[edit]

  • English: Ah

Proper noun[edit]

  1. Abbreviation of 阿富汗 (Āfùhàn, “Afghanistan”).
  2. Abbreviation of 阿爾巴尼亞阿尔巴尼亚 (Ā'ěrbāníyà, “Albania”).

Verb[edit]

  1. to flatter
    諛奉承 / 谀奉承  ―  ēyúfèngchéng  ―  sweet-talking

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG
  • Gledhill, Donald F. and Fei, Albert C. Y. Chinese to English Dictionary: English Copy of Xīnhuá Zìdiǎn. 1976.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(a, ok) (hangeul , , revised a, ok, McCune-Reischauer a, ok, Yale a, ok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(a, à)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.