From Middle English schadowe, schadewe, schadwe (also schade > shade), from Old English sċeaduwe, sċeadwe, oblique form of sċeadu (“shadow, shade; darkness; protection”), from Proto-West Germanic *skadu, from Proto-Germanic *skadwaz (“shade, shadow”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱeh₃- (“darkness”). Cognate with Scots scaddow, schaddow (“shadow”), Saterland Frisian Skaad (“shade, shadow”), Dutch schaduw (“shadow”), German Schatten (“shadow, shade”), Norwegian skodde (“fog, mist”), Irish scáth (“shadow”), Ancient Greek σκότος (skótos, “darkness, gloom”).
- (General American) enPR: shăd′ō, IPA(key): /ˈʃædoʊ/
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: shăd′ō, IPA(key): /ˈʃædəʊ/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
- Rhymes: -ædəʊ
- Hyphenation: shad‧ow
- A dark image projected onto a surface where light (or other radiation) is blocked by the shade of an object.
- My shadow lengthened as the sun began to set.
- The X-ray showed a shadow on his lung.
- Relative darkness, especially as caused by the interruption of light; gloom, obscurity.
- I immediately jumped into shadow as I saw them approach.
- 1656, John Denham, The Destruction of Troy
- Night's sable shadows from the ocean rise.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. […], London: […] [John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938, book 2, canto 5, stanza 32:
- In secret shadow from the sunny ray, / On a sweet bed of lillies softly layd.
- A area protected by an obstacle (likened to an object blocking out sunlight).
- The mountains block the passage of rain-producing weather systems and cast a "shadow" of dryness behind them.
- (obsolete) A reflected image, as in a mirror or in water.
- That which looms as though a shadow.
- 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
- Hepaticology, outside the temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, still lies deep in the shadow cast by that ultimate "closet taxonomist," Franz Stephani—a ghost whose shadow falls over us all.
- I don't have a shadow of doubt in my mind that my plan will succeed. The shadow of fear of my being outed always affects how I live my life. I lived in her shadow my whole life.
- A small degree; a shade.
- He did not give even a shadow of respect to the professor.
- 2015 December 5, Alan Smith, “Leicester City back on top as Riyad Mahrez hat-trick downs Swansea City”, in The Guardian (London):
- Only Sunderland and West Bromwich Albion have enjoyed less possession than Leicester’s 44.2% per game, and they have the worst pass-completion rate in the league, a shadow over 71%.
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, James 1:17:
- no variableness, neither shadow of turning
- An imperfect and faint representation.
- He came back from war the shadow of a man.
- the neopagan ritual was only a pale shadow of the ones the Greeks held thousands of years ago
- (Britain, law enforcement) A trainee, assigned to work with an experienced officer.
- One who secretly or furtively follows another.
- The constable was promoted to working as a shadow for the Royals.
- An inseparable companion.
- (typography) A drop shadow effect applied to lettering in word processors etc.
- An influence, especially a pervasive or a negative one.
- 1844, Ralph Waldo Emerson, “The Present Age: Politics”, in Robert E. Spiller, Wallace E. Williams, editor, The early lectures of Ralph Waldo Emerson, volume 3, published 1972:
- Men see the institution and worship it. It is only the lengthened shadow of one man. […] The Reformation is the shadow of Luther: Quakerism of Fox: Methodism of Wesley: Abolition of Clarkson.
- A spirit; a ghost; a shade.
- (obsolete, Latinism) An uninvited guest accompanying one who was invited.
- (psychology) In Jungian psychology, an unconscious aspect of the personality.
- A person (or object) is said to "cast", "have", or "throw" a shadow if that shadow is caused by the person (either literally, by eclipsing a light source, or figuratively). The shadow may then be described as the shadow "cast" or "thrown" by the person, or as the shadow "of" the person, or simply as the person's shadow.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (transitive) To shade, cloud, or darken.
- The artist chose to shadow this corner of the painting.
- (transitive) To block light or radio transmission from.
- Looks like that cloud's going to shadow us.
- (espionage) To secretly or discreetly track or follow another, to keep under surveillance.
- (transitive) To represent faintly and imperfectly.
- 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, chapter 36, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, OCLC 57395299, page 182:
- Ah, ye admonitions and warnings! why stay ye not when ye come? But rather are ye predictions than warnings, ye shadows!
- (transitive) To hide; to conceal.
- (transitive) To accompany (a professional) during the working day, so as to learn about an occupation one intends to take up.
- (transitive, programming) To make (an identifier, usually a variable) inaccessible by declaring another of the same name within the scope of the first.
- (transitive, computing) To apply the shadowing process to (the contents of ROM).
- Unofficial, informal, unauthorized, but acting as though it were.
- The human resources department has a shadow information technology group without headquarters knowledge.
- Having power or influence, but not widely known or recognized.
- The director has been giving shadow leadership to the other group's project to ensure its success.
- The illuminati shadow group has been pulling strings from behind the scenes.
- (politics) Acting in a leadership role before being formally recognized.
- The shadow cabinet cannot agree on the terms of the agreement due immediately after they are sworn in.
- The insurgents’ shadow government is being crippled by the federal military strikes.
- (Australia, politics) Part of, or related to, the opposition in government.