espionage

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Recorded since 1793, from French espionnage, from Middle French espionner (to spy), from Old French espion (spy), itself probably from a Germanic source (akin to Old High German spehon "spy"), possibly via Italian spione (from spia). More at spy.

Pronunciation[edit]

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  • IPA(key): /ˈɛs.pi.ə.nɑːʒ/

'ĕs-pē-ŭ-näzh also Canadian -năzh; -nizh

Noun[edit]

espionage (countable and uncountable, plural espionages)

  1. The act or process of learning secret information through clandestine means.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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