छाया

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit छाया (chāyā́). Doublet of छाँव (chā̃v) and साया (sāyā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /t͡ʃʰɑː.jɑː/, [t͡ʃʰäː.jäː]

Noun[edit]

छाया (chāyāf (Urdu spelling چھایا‎)

  1. shade, a shady place
    तुम्हें छाया में बैठना चाहिए, क्योंकि बहुत गर्मी है
    tumhẽ chāyā mẽ baiṭhnā cāhie, kyoṅki bahut garmī hai.
    You should sit in the shade, because it is very hot.
    Synonym: छाँव (chā̃v)
  2. shadow, silhouette
    पृथ्वी की छाया चन्द्रमा पर है
    pŕthvī kī chāyā candramā par hai.
    The earth's shadow is on the moon.
    Synonym: परछाई (parchāī)
  3. (rare) apparition, spectre
  4. (figuratively) refuge, protection, shelter

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

छाया f

  1. Devanagari script form of chāyā

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *śćaHyáH (shadow), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱeh₃ih₂, from *(s)ḱeh₃- (darkness, shadow). Cognate with Avestan 𐬀-𐬯𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬀(a-saiia, shadowless), Persian سایه(sâye, shadow), Latin obscūrus, Ancient Greek σκιά (skiá), English shadow.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

छाया (chāyā́f

  1. shadow; shade; shady place
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.16.38:
      उप च्छायाम्इव घृणेरगन्म शर्म ते वयम् ।
      upa cchāyāmiva ghṛṇeraganma śarma te vayam .
      To thee for shelter are we come, as to the shade from fervent heat
  2. reflection
  3. shading or blending of colours; play of light or colour

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of छाया (chāyā́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative छाया
chāyā́
छाये
chāyé
छायाः
chāyā́ḥ
Vocative छाये
chā́ye
छाये
chā́ye
छायाः
chā́yāḥ
Accusative छायाम्
chāyā́m
छाये
chāyé
छायाः
chāyā́ḥ
Instrumental छायया / छाया¹
chāyáyā / chāyā́¹
छायाभ्याम्
chāyā́bhyām
छायाभिः
chāyā́bhiḥ
Dative छायायै
chāyā́yai
छायाभ्याम्
chāyā́bhyām
छायाभ्यः
chāyā́bhyaḥ
Ablative छायायाः
chāyā́yāḥ
छायाभ्याम्
chāyā́bhyām
छायाभ्यः
chāyā́bhyaḥ
Genitive छायायाः
chāyā́yāḥ
छाययोः
chāyáyoḥ
छायानाम्
chāyā́nām
Locative छायायाम्
chāyā́yām
छाययोः
chāyáyoḥ
छायासु
chāyā́su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]