shade

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: shād, IPA(key): /ʃeɪd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪd

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English schade, from Old English sċeadu, sċadu (shadow; shade), from Proto-Germanic *skadwaz (shadow; shade). More at shadow.

Noun[edit]

shade (countable and uncountable, plural shades)

  1. (uncountable) Darkness where light, particularly sunlight, is blocked.
    The old oak tree gave shade in the heat of the day.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
      Now we plunged into a deep shade with the boughs lacing each other overhead, and crossed dainty, rustic bridges over the cold trout-streams, the boards giving back the clatter of our horses' feet: [] .
  2. (countable) Something that blocks light, particularly in a window.
    Close the shade, please: it's too bright in here.
  3. (countable) A variety of a colour/color, in particular one obtained by adding black (compare tint).
    I've painted my room in five lovely shades of pink and chartreuse.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Locke and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Thus light and colours, as white, red, yellow, blue, with their several degrees or shades, and mixtures, as green, scarlet, purple, sea-green, and the rest, come in only by the eyes []
  4. (figuratively) A subtle variation in a concept.
    shades of meaning
    • (Can we date this quote by Thomas De Quincey and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      new shades and combinations of thought
    • 1848, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 3, in The History of England from the Accession of James II:
      Every shade of religious and political opinion had its own headquarters.
  5. (figuratively) An aspect that is reminiscent of something.
    shades of Groucho
  6. A very small degree of a quantity, or variety of meaning
    • (Can we date this quote?), Agatha Christie, Miss Marple Tells a Story
      Mrs. Rhodes who (so I gathered from Mr. Petherick's careful language) was perhaps just a shade of a hypochondriac, had retired to bed immediately after dinner.
  7. (chiefly literary and fantasy) A ghost or specter; a spirit.
    Too long have I been haunted by that shade.
    The adventurer was attacked by a shade.
    • (Can we date this quote by John Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Swift as thought the flitting shade / Thro' air his momentary journey made.
    • 1956, Anthony Burgess, Time for a Tiger (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 39:
      Still, Birch House (a sop to the shade of the murdered Perak Resident) had no more than its normal share of flagellation[.]
  8. (countable) A postage stamp showing an obvious difference in colour/color to the original printing and needing a separate catalogue/catalog entry.
  9. (uncountable, originally gay slang) Subtle insults.
    Why did you paint your room chartreuse? No shade; I'm genuinely curious.
    • 1990, Paris Is Burning:
      Dorian Corey: Shade is: "I don't tell you you're ugly, but I don't have to tell you because you know you're ugly." And that's shade.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English sceadwian, derived from sċeadu (see above).

Verb[edit]

shade (third-person singular simple present shades, present participle shading, simple past and past participle shaded)

  1. (transitive) To shield from light.
    The old oak tree shaded the lawn in the heat of the day.
  2. (transitive) To alter slightly.
    You'll need to shade your shot slightly to the left.
    Most politicians will shade the truth if it helps them.
  3. (intransitive) To vary or approach something slightly, particularly in color.
    The hillside was bright green, shading towards gold in the drier areas.
    • (Can we date this quote by Edmund Gurney and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      This small group will be most conveniently treated with the emotional division, into which it shades.
  4. (intransitive, baseball, of a defensive player) To move slightly from one's normal fielding position.
    Jones will shade a little to the right on this pitch count.
  5. (transitive) To darken, particularly in drawing.
    I draw contours first, gradually shading in midtones and shadows.
  6. To surpass by a narrow margin.
    Both parties claimed afterwards that their man did best in the debate, but an early opinion poll suggested Mr Cameron shaded it.
  7. (transitive, graphical user interface) To reduce (a window) so that only its title bar is visible.
    Antonym: unshade
  8. (transitive, obsolete) To shelter; to cover from injury; to protect; to screen.
  9. (transitive, obsolete) To present a shadow or image of; to shadow forth; to represent.
    • (Can we date this quote by Edmund Spenser and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      [The goddess] in her person cunningly did shade / That part of Justice which is Equity.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]