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U+5F71, 影
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F71

[U+5F70]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F72]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
15 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 59, +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 日火竹竹竹 (AFHHH), four-corner 62922, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 364, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10019
  • Dae Jaweon: page 684, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 857, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5F71

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𢒈 second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraŋʔ): phonetic (OC *kraŋʔ) + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

Unclear. Various etymologies have been proposed:

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • yǐngr - “shadow; reflection; vague impression”.
  • Cantonese
  • Note:
    • jing2 - literary;
    • jeng2 - vernacular (rare).
    Note:
    • yen2 - literary;
    • yiang2 - vernacular.
  • Gan
  • Note:
    • iang3 - vernacular;
    • in3 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • ōng - vernacular;
    • īng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • iáⁿ - vernacular;
    • ńg - vernacular (limited, e.g. 樹影树影);
    • éng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (111)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠiæŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚiaŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiaŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔiajŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiɐŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭɐŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯ɐŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǐng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jing2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yǐng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjængX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraŋʔ/
    English shadow (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6837
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraŋʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. shadow
    2. image
    3. trace (of human presence); presence (of people or things); occurrence (of events)
    4. picture; photograph
    5. (Cantonese) to take (a picture)
    6. () (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of (MC ʔˠiæŋX)

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to take a picture): (Mandarin) (pāi)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Unbound apophonic form of (kaga).

    Noun[edit]

    (かが) (kaga

    1. light
    2. a shape or form reflected in light
    3. a shadow
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かげ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    (kaga) +‎ (-i) > kage. Bound apophonic form of (kaga).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (かげ) (kage

    1. shadow
      (うま)(かげ)
      uma no kage
      a shadow of a horse
    2. a shape or form reflected in light
    3. presence
      この(まち)(かげ)(うす)
      Kono machi wa kage ga usui.
      This town's presence is little.
    4. negative aspect
      高度(こうど)経済(けいざい)成長(せいちょう)(かげ)
      kōdo keizai seichō no kage
      the negative aspect of the high economic growth
    Antonyms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    えい
    Grade: S
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔˠiæŋX).

    The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (えい) (ei

    1. shadow
    2. light
    3. a shape or form reflected in light
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: S
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔˠiæŋX).

    The goon pronunciation, so likely the initial borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (よう) (

    1. (rare) Alternative form of (ei)

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 그림자 (geurimja yeong))

    1. Hanja form? of (shadow).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: ảnh

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.