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U+5F71, 影
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F71

[U+5F70]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F72]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
15 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 59, +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 日火竹竹竹 (AFHHH), four-corner 62922, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 364, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10019
  • Dae Jaweon: page 684, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 857, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5F71

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𢒈 (second-round simplified)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raŋ, *ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raɡ
*ɡaŋs
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋʔ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋs
*qraŋʔ
*qraŋʔ, *kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *kraŋʔ) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • iáⁿ - vernacular;
  • ńg - vernacular (limited, e.g. 樹影树影);
  • éng - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (111)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠiæŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚiaŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiaŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔiajŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiɐŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭɐŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯ɐŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǐng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yǐng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjængX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraŋʔ/
    English shadow (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6837
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraŋʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. shadow
    2. image
    3. trace (of human presence); presence (of people or things); occurrence (of events)
    4. picture; photograph
    5. (Cantonese) to take (a picture)

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to take a picture): (Mandarin) (pāi)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Unbound apophonic form of (kaga).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かが, rōmaji kaga)

    1. light
    2. a shape or form reflected in light
    3. a shadow
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かげ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    (kaga) +‎ (i) > kage. Bound apophonic form of (kaga).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かげ, rōmaji kage)

    1. shadow
       (うま) (かげ)
      uma no kage
      a shadow of a horse
    2. a shape or form reflected in light
    3. presence
      この (まち) (かげ) (うす)い。
      Kono machi wa kage ga usui.
      This town's presense is little.
    4. negative aspect

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (yeong) (hangeul )

    1. shadow

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ảnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.