この

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Originally a compound of Old Japanese elements (ko, (pronoun) this) +‎ (no, possessive, modifies following noun). as a pronoun is no longer used individually in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adnominal[edit]

この (rōmaji kono)

  1. (deictically) this ... (near the speaker)
    この (くるま) (みどり)です。
    Kono kuruma wa midori desu.
    This car is green.
  2. (anaphorically) this ... I am talking about (only the speaker knows)
Usage notes[edit]
  • This term can only be used when followed by a noun or noun phrase. It cannot be used as a standalone pronoun. Examples:
    • Correct:
      この (いろ) ()きです。Kono iro ga suki desu.I like this color.
      • A noun follows kono.
    • Incorrect:
      この ()きです。Kono ga suki desu.I like this ...
      • There must be a noun in place of the "...".
      • Using kono in this way is comparable to using English the without a noun after it (*I like the.).
  • Almost always spelled in hiragana as この.
See also[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

/kokono//kono/

Abbreviation of Old Japanese kokono (“nine”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Number[edit]

この (rōmaji kono)

  1. (dated) nine
    ひい、ふう、みい、よう、いつ、むう、なな、やあ、この、とお。
    Hī, fū, mī, yō, itsu, mū, nana, yā, kono, tō.
    One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten.
Usage notes[edit]

Generally only used when counting out loud, as in the example above. In writing, usually found spelled out in hiragana as この to make the reading unambiguous.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9