その

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese [script needed] (so₂no₂)/sono/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adnominal[edit]

その (rōmaji sono)

  1. 其の: (deictically) that ... near you (near the addressee)
     (わたし) ()みたい (ほん)は、その (ほん)です。
    Watashi ga yomitai hon wa, sono hon desu.
    What I want to read is that book.
  2. 其の: (anaphorically) the ... we are talking about.
  3. 其の: of it. its.
See also[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • その is anaphorically used to refer to things and experiences that either the speaker or the listener knows about, but not both. Compare the two following sentences,
    その本はやすいですか?
    Is that book (which we are talking about) cheap? (anaphorically)
    Is that book (I'm pointing to/near you/of yours) cheap? (deictically)
    あの本はやすいですか?
    Is the book (which we both know) cheap? (anaphorically)
    Is that book (over there, which you and I can see) cheap? (deictically)
  • The hiragana spelling (その) is preferred to the kanji spelling (其の), which is rarely used.

Related terms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

その (rōmaji sono)

  1. : garden; park; plantation
  2. : garden

Proper noun[edit]

その (rōmaji Sono)

  1. : A surname.

Kanji reading[edit]

その (romaji sono)

Kun-reading of:[edit]