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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from – reduces three birds () to one ().

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  – originally three birds (隹) gathering in the tree ().

Han character[edit]

(radical 172 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人土木 (OGD), four-corner 20904, composition)

  1. assemble, collect together

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1365, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41974
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1869, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4092, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+96C6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁵³/ ~合
/t͡ɕi²⁴/ ~市
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/ ~體
/t͡ɕi⁵³/ ~合
Jinan /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡si⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡si²⁴/ 收~
/t͡si⁴²/ 趕~
Xi'an /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕie³¹/
/t͡ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡siʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ʑiɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ziəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiəʔ²/
Wenzhou /zai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi¹¹/
/t͡sʰe¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡si²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡si²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /sip̚⁵/
Taoyuan /sip̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sap̚²/
Nanning /t͡sɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sap̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sip̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡siʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡si⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sip̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sip̚⁵/ ~合
/t͡sip̚³/ 三~
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final: (141)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jí
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ziɪp̚/ /d͡zip̚/ /d͡zjep̚/ /d͡zip̚/ /d͡ziəp̚/ /d͡zĭĕp̚/ /d͡zʱi̯əp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dzip › /*[dz][u]p/ gather, collect

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5754 3 /*zub/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to collect, to gather
  2. collection, set
  3. episode

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しゅう, romaji shū)

  1. collection, assembly

Alternative forms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jip) (hangeul , revised jip, McCune-Reischauer chip, Yale cip)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tập, tắp, tợp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese equivalent is tập.

References[edit]