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U+96C5, 雅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96C5

[U+96C4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96C6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 172, +4 in Chinese, 隹+5 in Japanese, 12 strokes in Chinese, 13 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 一竹人土 (MHOG), four-corner 70214, composition )

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1365, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41973
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1869, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4094, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+96C5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“crow; raven”).
(This character, , is a variant form of ).

Etymology 2[edit]

Schuessler (2007) leaves its etymology as unknown, yet mentions that it has been suggested to be related to (OC *ɡraːʔ) (e.g. by Wang Yinzhi apud Zhi, 2004), etc.), a proposal also supported by Baxter & Sagart (2014).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ngée - vernacular;
  • ngá - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter ngaeX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaɨX/
Li
Rong
/ŋaX/
Wang
Li
/ŋaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋaX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngaa5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngæX › ‹ ngæX ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-ɢˁraʔ/ /*[N-ɢ]ˁraʔ/
English proper, refined kind of musical instrument

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14182
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) standard; proper; correct
  2. elegant; graceful; refined
  3. (polite) your; your esteemed; your gracious
  4. (literary) friendship; companionship
  5. (literary) usually; often
  6. (literary) very much; extremely
  7. a section in the Classic of Poetry consisting of dynastic hymns
  8. standard language (usually used in titles of ancient Chinese dictionaries such as the Erya)
  9. (Teochew) pretty; beautiful
  10. a surname
Synonyms[edit]
  • (pretty):
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (ga)
  • Korean: 아(雅) (a)
  • Vietnamese: nhã ()

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • ”, in 漢語多功能字庫 (Multi-function Chinese Character Database)[2], 香港中文大學 (the Chinese University of Hong Kong), 2014–
  • Duffus, William (1883), “beautiful”, in English-Chinese Vocabulary of the Vernacular or Spoken Language of Swatow, Swatow: English Presbyterian Mission Press, page 19
  • Zhi, C. (2004). "From Exclusive Xia to Inclusive Zhu-Xia: The Conceptualisation of Chinese Identity" in Early China. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 14(3), 185–205. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25188470

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

雅󠄂
+&#xE0102;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
雅󠄄
+&#xE0104;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. gracious
  2. elegant
  3. graceful
  4. refined

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (ngæX, elegant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

() (ga-na (adnominal () (ga na), adverbial () (ga ni))

  1. elegant
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (ga

  1. elegance
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
みやび
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
みやび
[adjective] [from 720] courtly, elegant, refined, high-quality
[noun] [from 720] courtliness, elegance, refinement, high quality
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune–Reischauer a, Yale a)

  1. elegant, neat, tidy

Compounds[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: nhã

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.