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U+4E56, 乖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E56

[U+4E55]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E57]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
乖-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 4, 丿+7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹十中心 (HJLP), four-corner 20111, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 83, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 149
  • Dae Jaweon: page 166, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 38, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+4E56

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠁰
𦮃

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
乖-seal.svg 乖-bigseal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (34)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuɛi/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚæi/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwəɨj/
Li
Rong
/kuɛi/
Wang
Li
/kwɐi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwăi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guāi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gwaai1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guāi
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwɛj ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˁrəj/
English oppose; disorder

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4401
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷrɯːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to violate; to rebel
  2. to separate; to split
  3. to break off; to cut off
  4. difference; mistake
  5. crafty; shrewd; wicked
  6. clever; alert
  7. (usually of a child or animal) well-behaved; docile; obedient; nice; untroublesome
    真係 [Cantonese, trad.]
    真系 [Cantonese, simp.]
    nei5 go3 zai2 zan1 hai6 hou2 gwaai1. [Jyutping]
    Your son is very well-behaved.
    唔好~。 [Cantonese]  ―  m4 hou2 haam3 laa1. gwaai1 ~. [Jyutping]  ―  Don't cry, OK? (talking to a child)
  8. (Sichuanese, Xiang) beautiful
  9. unnatural; strange
      ―  guāi  ―  perverse (of behaviour); disagreeable (of character)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Unlike English obedient, is a positive compliment when used to describe a child. On the contrary, it is similarly disparaging when used for adults.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (naughty): (Cantonese) (jai5)

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. to diverge, to disobey, to go against

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 어그러질 (eogeureojil goe))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: quai, quay

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]