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U+4E56, 乖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E56

[U+4E55]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E57]

Translingual

Stroke order
乖-order.gif

Han character

(radical 4 丿+7, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹十中心 (HJLP), four-corner 20111, composition)

References

  • KangXi: page 83, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 149
  • Dae Jaweon: page 166, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 38, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+4E56

Chinese

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠁰

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
乖-bronze.svg 乖-bigseal.svg 乖-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (34)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuɛi/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚæi/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwəɨj/
Li
Rong
/kuɛi/
Wang
Li
/kwɐi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwăi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guāi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guāi
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwɛj ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˤrəj/
English oppose; disorder

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4401
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷrɯːl/

Definitions

  1. to violate; to rebel
  2. to separate; to split
  3. to break off; to cut off
  4. difference; mistake
  5. crafty; shrewd; wicked
  6. clever; alert
  7. (usually of a child) well-behaved; obedient; nice
  8. (dialectal) beautiful

Usage notes

Unlike English obedient, is almost always a positive compliment when used to describe a child. When used for an adult, the word is often disparaging.

Antonyms

  • (naughty): (Cantonese) (jai5)

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. to diverge, to disobey, to go against

Readings


Korean

Hanja

(goe)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: goe, McCune-Reischauer: koe, Yale: koy)
    • Name (hangeul): 어그러질 (revised: eogeureojil, McCune-Reischauer: ǒgǔrǒjil)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References


Vietnamese

Han character

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References