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U+9748, 靈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9748

[U+9747]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9749]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +16, 24 strokes, cangjie input 一月口口人 (MBRRO) or 一月口口一 (MBRRM), four-corner 10108, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1380, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42532
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1889, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4082, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9748

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
靈-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ
*reːŋ

Found as 𩆜 in Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *reːŋ): phonetic  (OC *reːŋ) + semantic  (jade).

The semantic component (“jade”) may be replaced with (“witch”), as in the current form, or with (“heart”) or (“memorial tablet”) in the ancient bronze inscription forms.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ling4 - literary;
  • leng4 - vernacular.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (125)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /leŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /leŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɛŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɛjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /leŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /lieŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lieŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    líng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    líng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ leng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ˁeŋ/
    English supernatural

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8259
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*reːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. god; deity
    2. soul; spirit
    3. coffin
    4. effective; efficacious
    5. keen; quick
    6. nimble

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of : soul, spirit; ghost; mystery

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ryeong, yeong) (hangeul , , revised ryeong, yeong, McCune–Reischauer ryŏng, yŏng, Yale lyeung, yeung)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (linh)

    1. spirit, soul