English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from mysterie Anglo-Norman , from misterie Old French , from mistere Latin , from mysterium Ancient Greek μυστήριον ( mustḗrion, “ a mystery, a secret, a secret rite ” ), from μύστης ( mústēs, “ initiated one ” ), from μυέω ( muéō, “ I initiate ” ), from μύω ( múō, “ I shut ” ).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
enPR: mĭsʹtərē, mĭsʹtrē, IPA (: key) /ˈmɪstəɹi/, /ˈmɪstɹi/
mystery ( , countable and uncountable plural )
secret or unexplainable; an unknown. [From XIV century.]
The truth behind the events remains a mystery. 1927, F. E. Penny, chapter 4, in : Pulling the Strings The case was that of a murder. It had an element of mystery about it, however, which was puzzling the authorities. A turban and loincloth soaked in blood had been found; also a staff. Someone or something with an
obscure or puzzling nature.
That man is a mystery. 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 5, in The Hocussing of Cigarette :  Then I had a good think on the subject of the hocussing of Cigarette, and I was reluctantly bound to admit that once again the man in the corner had found the only possible solution to the mystery.
( obsolete ) A secret or mystical meaning. [From XIV century.]
1567, Matteo Bandello, Certain Tragical Discourses of Bandello, tr. Geffraie Fenton:
...and, not knowing the meaning or misterie of her pollicie, forgat no termes of reproche or rigorous rebuke against his chast doughter. A religious truth not understandable by the application of human reason alone (without divine aid).
[From XIV century.]
Jonathan Swift (1667–1745)
If God should please to reveal unto us this great mystery of the Trinity, or some other mysteries in our holy religion, we should not be able to understand them, unless he would bestow on us some new faculties of the mind.
( archaic outside Eastern Orthodoxy ) A sacrament. [From XV century.]
1809, Sir Robert Ker Porter, Travelling Sketches in Russia and Sweden: During the Years 1805, 1806, 1807, 1808:
There are seven mysteries, or sacraments, in the Greek church, viz. baptism, the chrism (a rite peculiar to this church), the eucharist, confession, ordination, marriage, and the holy oil.
( chiefly in the plural ) A secret religious celebration, admission to which was usually through initiation. [From XV century.]
the Eleusinian mysteries the Mysteries of Mithras
( Catholicism ) A particular event or series of events in the life of Christ. [From XVII century.]
The second decade of the Rosary concerns the Sorrowful mysteries, such as the crucifixion and the crowning with thorns. A craft, art or trade; specifically a guild of craftsmen.
 An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, by Adam Smith
The trades, the crafts, the mysteries, would all be losers.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Terms derived from
Related terms [ edit ]
Terms etymologically related to
Translations [ edit ]
something secret or unexplainable
ຄວາມລຶກລັບ ( khuām lưk lap ) Latin:
mysterium , n , obscuritas , occulta , naturae sacra arcanum n Latvian:
noslēpums , m mistērija f Lithuanian:
paslaptis , m misterija f Macedonian:
мистерија f ( misterija ) Malay:
mea ngaro Mongolian:
нууц (mn) ( nuuts ) Norman:
mystéthe m Norwegian:
mysterium n Occitan:
mistèri (oc) m Old English:
please add this translation if you can Persian:
راز (fa) ( râz ), معما (fa) ( mo'ammâ ), سر (fa) ( serr ) Polish:
tajemnica (pl) , f misterium (pl) n Portuguese:
mistério (pt) m Romanian:
mister (ro) n Russian:
та́йна (ru) f ( tájna ), зага́дка (ru) f ( zagádka ) Serbo-Croatian:
та̑јна , f за̏гоне̄тка , f мѝсте̄рӣј m Roman: tajna (sh) , f zagonetka (sh) , f mìstērīj (sh) m Slovak:
záhada f Slovene:
skrivnost (sl) n Spanish:
misterio (es) m Swahili:
siri , (sw) kilinge (sw) Swedish:
mysterium (sv) , n mystär (sv) c Tagalog:
hiwaga (tl) Tajik:
роз ( roz ), муаммо (tg) ( muammo ), сир (tg) ( sir ) Thai:
ความลี้ลับ ( kwaam-líi-láp ) Turkish:
gizem , (tr) , esrâr sır (tr) Turkmen:
тає́мниця (uk) f ( tajémnycja ), зага́дка (uk) f ( zahádka ) Uzbek:
sir (uz) Vietnamese:
bí ẩn , (vi) huyền bí (vi) Welsh:
dirgelwch f Zulu: zinga
someone or thing with an obscure or puzzling nature
an event in the life of Jesus used as a focus for devotions
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
References [ edit ]