سر

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: سز‎, شر, and ـسز

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root س ر ر(s-r-r). Compare Hebrew Hebrew אושר

Verb[edit]

سَرَّ (sarra) I, non-past يَسُرُّ‎‎ (yasurru)

  1. to gladden, to make happy, to delight, to cheer, to rejoice
  2. to satisfy
  3. to pass
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

سُرَّ (surra) I, non-past يُسَرُّ‎‎ (yusarru)

  1. to be glad, to be happy, to be delighted, to take pleasure in
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سَرّ (sarrm

  1. verbal noun of سَرَّ (sarra) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Denominal verb from سُرّ(surr, umbilical cord) and سُرَّة(surra, navel).

Verb[edit]

سَرَّ (sarra) I, non-past يَسُرُّ‎‎ (yasurru)

  1. to cut off the navel string of (someone)
  2. to hurt the navel of (someone)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Denominal verb from سُرَّة(surra, navel).

Verb[edit]

سَرَّ (sarra) I, non-past يَسَرُّ‎‎ (yasarru)

  1. to complain of pain in the navel
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

سِرّ (sirrm (plural أَسْرَار(ʾasrār)) (countable and uncountable)

  1. secret, secret thought
  2. heart, inmost
  3. secrecy, mystery
  4. sacrament (Christianity)
  5. underlying reason
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: sirr
  • Bashkir: сер (ser)
  • Hausa: àsīr̃ī
  • Kazakh: сыр (sır)
  • Kyrgyz: сыр (sır)
  • Malay: sir
    • Indonesian: sir
  • Northern Kurdish: surr
  • Pashto: سر(ser)
  • Persian: سر(serr)
    • Urdu: سر(ser)
  • Swahili: siri
  • Tajik: сир (sir)
  • Tatar: сер (ser)
  • Turkmen: syr
  • Ottoman Turkish: سر(sirr, sır)
  • Uyghur: سىر(sir)
  • Uzbek: sir
Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

سِرّ (sirrm (plural أَسِرَّة(ʾasirra) or أَسْرَار(ʾasrār) or أَسَارِير(ʾasārīr))

  1. line in the palm
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

سُرّ (surrm (plural أَسِرَّة(ʾasirra))

  1. verbal noun of سَرَّ (sarra) (form I)
  2. umbilical cord, navel string
Declension[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish سر(ser), from Persian سر(sar).

Noun[edit]

سَر (sarm

  1. (in compounds) head, chief
    سِرْدَار(sirdār)supreme commander; commanding general
    سَرْعَسْكَر(sarʿaskar)Ottoman general
    سِرْيَاوَرَان(siryāwarān)adjutant general
Declension[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Verb[edit]

سِرْ (sir) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of سَارَ(sāra)

Baluchi[edit]

Noun[edit]

سر (sar)

  1. (anatomy) head
  2. top

See also[edit]


Laki[edit]

Noun[edit]

سر (sir)

  1. head

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Persian سر(sar).

Noun[edit]

سر (ser)

  1. head
  2. chief, head, leading
  3. end, summit, tip
Synonyms[edit]
  • (all senses): باش(baş)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic سِرّ(sirr).

Noun[edit]

سر (sirr, sır)

  1. secret, concealed thing
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zenker, Julius Theodor (1876), “سر”, in Türkisch-arabisch-persisches Handwörterbuch, volume 2, Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, pages 501–502

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
سر
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭫𐭥𐭩𐭱𐭤(LOYŠE /sar/), from Proto-Iranian *cŕ̥Hah, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćŕ̥Has, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱerh₂-; see there for further information.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian سر
Iranian Persian
Tajik сар (sar)

سر (sar) (plural سرها(sar-hâ))

  1. (anatomy) head
  2. the topmost, foremost, or leading part; head
  3. (Sistani) a kind of clay

سر (sar) (plural سران(sarân))

  1. leader, chief
Inflection[edit]
Enclitic-attached forms of سر (sar)
Basic forms of سر (sar)
singular plural
bare سر
(sár)
سرها
(sar-hấ)
سرا
(sarấ)
definitive direct object سر را
(sár râ)
سر رو
(sáro)
سرها را
(sar-hấ râ)
سرا رو
(sarấ ro)
ezâfe سر
(sár-e)
سرهای
(sar-hấ-ye)
سرای
(sarấ-ye)
marked indefinite
or relative definite
سری
(sár-i)
سرهایی
(sarấn-i, sar-hấ-i)
سرایی
(sarấi)
Colloquial.
Possessive forms of سر (sar)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
سرم
(sáram)
سر‌هایم
(sar-hấyam)
سر‌هام، سرام
(sarấm)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
سرت
(sárat)
[Term?]
(sáret)
سر‌هایت
(sar-hấyat)
سر‌هات، سرات
(sarất)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
سرش
(sáraš)
[Term?]
(sáreš)
سر‌هایش
(sar-hấyaš)
سر‌هاش، سراش
(sarấš)
1st plural
(“our”)
سرمان
(sáremân)
سرمون
(sáremun)
سر‌هایمان
(sar-hấyemân)
سر‌هامون، سرامون
(sarấmun)
2nd plural
(“your”)
سرتان
(sáretân)
سرتون
(sáretun)
سر‌هایتان
(sar-hấyetân)
سر‌هاتون، سراتون
(sarấtun)
3rd plural
(“their”)
سرشان
(sárešân)
سرشون
(sárešun)
سر‌هایشان
(sar-hấyešân)
سر‌هاشون، سراشون
(sarấšun)
Colloquial.
Predicative forms of سر (sar)
singular plural
1st person
(“I am, we are”)
سرم
(sáram)
سریم
(sárim)
2nd person
(“you are”)
سری
(sári)
سرید
(sárid)
سرین
(sárin)
3rd person
(“he/she/it is, they are”)
سر است
(sár ast)
سره
(sáre)
سرند
(sárand)
سرن
(sáran)
Colloquial.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • → Hindustani:
    Hindi: सिर (sir)
    Urdu: سر(sir)
  • Ottoman Turkish: سر(ser)
  • Pashto: سر(sar) (or inherited)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic سِرّ(sirr, secret).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سر (serr) (plural اسرار(asrâr))

  1. secret
Inflection[edit]
Enclitic-attached forms of سر (serr)
Basic forms of سر (serr)
singular plural
bare سر
(sérr)
سر‌ها
(serr-hấ)
سرا
(serrấ)
definitive direct object سر را
(sérr râ)
سر رو
(sérro)
سر‌ها را
(serr-hấ râ)
سرا رو
(serrấ ro)
ezâfe سر
(sérr-e)
سر‌های
(serr-hấ-ye)
سرای
(serrấ-ye)
marked indefinite
or relative definite
سری
(sérr-i)
سر‌هایی
(serrấn-i, serr-hấ-i)
سرایی
(serrấi)
Colloquial.
Possessive forms of سر (serr)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
سرم
(sérram)
سر‌هایم
(serr-hấyam)
سر‌هام، سرام
(serrấm)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
سرت
(sérrat)
[Term?]
(sérret)
سر‌هایت
(serr-hấyat)
سر‌هات، سرات
(serrất)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
سرش
(sérraš)
[Term?]
(sérreš)
سر‌هایش
(serr-hấyaš)
سر‌هاش، سراش
(serrấš)
1st plural
(“our”)
سرمان
(sérremân)
سرمون
(sérremun)
سر‌هایمان
(serr-hấyemân)
سر‌هامون، سرامون
(serrấmun)
2nd plural
(“your”)
سرتان
(sérretân)
سرتون
(sérretun)
سر‌هایتان
(serr-hấyetân)
سر‌هاتون، سراتون
(serrấtun)
3rd plural
(“their”)
سرشان
(sérrešân)
سرشون
(sérrešun)
سر‌هایشان
(serr-hấyešân)
سر‌هاشون، سراشون
(serrấšun)
Colloquial.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

A transliteration of the English title Sir.

Noun[edit]

سر (ser)

  1. Sir (the titular prefix given to a knight or baronet)
    سر تیم برنرز لی‎ ― ser Tim Bernerz LiSir Tim Berners-Lee
Usage notes[edit]

Used in transliteration only.


Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱerh₂-; see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سِر (sirm (Gurmukhi spelling ਸਿਰ)

  1. head

Sindhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit शिरस् (śiras).

Noun[edit]

سر (siru)

  1. head

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
س ر ر

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سِرّ(sirr).

Noun[edit]

سرّ (sirrim (plural أسرار(ʔasrār) or سرار(srār))

  1. secret

Southwestern Fars[edit]

Adjective[edit]

سر (so:r, sōr)

  1. (Kuzarg) red

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शर (śara).

Noun[edit]

سر (sarm (Hindi spelling सर)

  1. arrow

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit [Term?].

Adjective[edit]

سر (sar) (Hindi spelling सर)

  1. going
  2. moving
  3. proceeding

Noun[edit]

سر (sar? (Hindi spelling सर)

  1. motion
  2. milk
  3. waterfall
  4. salt
  5. cream

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सरस् (saras).

Noun[edit]

سر (sarm (Hindi spelling सर)

  1. lake
  2. pond
  3. pool
  4. tank

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowed from Persian سر(sar).

Noun[edit]

سر (sarm (Hindi spelling सर)

  1. head
  2. top
  3. pinnacle
  4. tip
  5. origin
  6. head
  7. chief
  8. intention
  9. aim, goal
  10. end

Etymology 5[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शिर (śira).

Adverb[edit]

سر (sir) (Hindi spelling सिर)

  1. initially

Noun[edit]

سر (sirm (Hindi spelling सिर)

  1. head
  2. skull
  3. top
  4. summit
  5. crown
  6. pinnacle
  7. beginning
  8. commencement

Etymology 6[edit]

Borrowed from Persian, from Arabic سِرّ(sirr).

Noun[edit]

سر (sirrm (Hindi spelling सिर्र)

  1. secret
  2. mystery

Etymology 7[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सुर (sura).

Noun[edit]

سر (suram (Hindi spelling सुर)

  1. god
  2. deity
  3. angel
  4. sun

Etymology 8[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit स्वर (svara).

Noun[edit]

سر (surm (Hindi spelling सुर)

  1. sound
  2. voice
  3. tone
  4. tune
  5. harmony
  6. melody
  7. song
  8. air

Etymology 9[edit]

Borrowed from Persian سر(sor), from Sanskrit शूल (śūla).

Noun[edit]

سر (surm (Hindi spelling सुर)

  1. swordfish