سر

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See also: سز, شر, and ـسز

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ⁧س ر ر(s-r-r). Compare Hebrew Hebrewאושר⁩.

Verb[edit]

سَرَّ (sarra) I, non-pastيَسُرُّ⁩‎ (yasurru)

  1. to gladden, to make happy, to delight, to cheer, to rejoice
  2. to satisfy
  3. to pass
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

سُرَّ (surra) I, non-pastيُسَرُّ⁩‎ (yusarru)

  1. to be glad, to be happy, to be delighted, to take pleasure in
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سَرّ (sarrm

  1. verbal noun of سَرَّ(sarra) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Denominal verb from ⁧سُرّ(surr, umbilical cord) and ⁧سُرَّة(surra, navel).

Verb[edit]

سَرَّ (sarra) I, non-pastيَسُرُّ⁩‎ (yasurru)

  1. to cut off the navel string of (someone)
  2. to hurt the navel of (someone)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Denominal verb from ⁧سُرَّة(surra, navel).

Verb[edit]

سَرَّ (sarra) I, non-pastيَسَرُّ⁩‎ (yasarru)

  1. to complain of pain in the navel
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

سِرّ (sirrm (pluralأَسْرَار(ʔasrār)) (countable and uncountable)

  1. secret, secret thought
  2. heart, inmost
  3. secrecy, mystery
  4. sacrament (Christianity)
  5. underlying reason
Declension[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Hausa: àsīr̃ī
  • Malay: sir
    • Indonesian: sir
  • Persian: ⁧سر(serr)
    • Azerbaijani: sirr
    • Bashkir: сер (ser)
    • Kazakh: сыр (syr)
    • Kyrgyz: сыр (sır)
    • Northern Kurdish: surr
    • Pashto: ⁧سر(ser)
    • Tajik: сир (sir)
    • Tatar: сер (ser)
    • Turkmen: syr
    • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧سر(sirr, sır)
    • Urdu: ⁧سر(ser)
    • Uyghur: ⁧سىر(sir)
    • Uzbek: sir
  • Swahili: siri

Noun[edit]

سِرّ (sirrm (pluralأَسِرَّة(ʔasirra) orأَسْرَار(ʔasrār) orأَسَارِير(ʔasārīr))

  1. line in the palm
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Compare Ugaritic 𐎌𐎗 (šr).

Noun[edit]

سُرّ (surrm (pluralأَسِرَّة(ʔasirra))

  1. verbal noun of سَرَّ(sarra) (form I)
  2. umbilical cord, navel string
Declension[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishسر(ser), from Persianسر(sar).

Noun[edit]

سَر (sarm

  1. (in compounds) head, chief
    سِرْدَار(sirdār)supreme commander; commanding general
    سَرْعَسْكَر(sarʕaskar)Ottoman general
    سِرْيَاوَرَان(siryāwarān)adjutant general
Declension[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Verb[edit]

سِرْ (sir) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of سَارَ(sāra)

Baluchi[edit]

Noun[edit]

سر (sar)

  1. (anatomy) head
  2. top

See also[edit]

Burushaski[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سر⁩ (sar) (pluralسرݸ⁩)

  1. rabbit

References[edit]

  • Sadaf Munshi (2015), “Word Lists”, in Burushaski Language Documentation Project[1].

Kalkoti[edit]

Noun[edit]

سر⁩ (sar)

  1. lake

Kohistani Shina[edit]

Noun[edit]

سر (ser)

  1. top

Laki[edit]

Noun[edit]

سر⁩ (sir)

  1. head

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Persianسر(sar).

Noun[edit]

سر (ser)

  1. head
  2. chief, head, leading
  3. end, summit, tip
Synonyms[edit]
  • (all senses):باش(baş)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicسِرّ(sirr).

Noun[edit]

سر (sirr, sır)

  1. secret, concealed thing
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zenker, Julius Theodor (1876), “⁧سر⁩”, in Türkisch-arabisch-persisches Handwörterbuch, volume 2, Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, pages 501–502

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
سر
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian𐭫𐭥𐭩𐭱𐭤(LOYŠE /⁠sar⁠/), from Proto-Iranian *cŕ̥Hah, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćŕ̥Has, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱerh₂-; see there for further information.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? sar
Dari reading? sar
Iranian reading? sar
Tajik reading? sar

Noun[edit]

Dari سر
Iranian Persian
Tajik сар

سَر (sar) (pluralسرها(sar-hâ))

  1. (anatomy) head
  2. the topmost, foremost, or leading part; head
  3. (Sistani) a kind of clay
Inflection[edit]
    Enclitic-attached forms of ⁧سر(sar) (Iranian Persian)
    Basic forms of ⁧سر(sar)
singular plural
bare سر
(sar)
سرها
(sar-hấ)
سرا
(sarấ)
definitive direct object سر را
(sar râ)
سر رو
(saro)
سرها را
(sar-hấ râ)
سرا رو
(sarấ ro)
ezâfe سر
(sar-e)
سرهای
(sar-hấ-ye)
سرای
(sarấ-ye)
marked indefinite
or relative definite
سری
(sar-i)
سرهایی
(sarấn-i, sar-hấ-i)
سرایی
(sarấi)
Colloquial.
    Possessive forms of ⁧سر(sar)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
سرم
(saram)
سر‌هایم
(sar-hấyam)
سر‌هام، سرام
(sarấm)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
سرت
(sarat)
[Term?]
(saret)
سر‌هایت
(sar-hấyat)
سر‌هات، سرات
(sarất)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
سرش
(saraš)
[Term?]
(sareš)
سر‌هایش
(sar-hấyaš)
سر‌هاش، سراش
(sarấš)
1st plural
(“our”)
سرمان
(saremân)
سرمون
(saremun)
سر‌هایمان
(sar-hấyemân)
سر‌هامون، سرامون
(sarấmun)
2nd plural
(“your”)
سرتان
(saretân)
سرتون
(saretun)
سر‌هایتان
(sar-hấyetân)
سر‌هاتون، سراتون
(sarấtun)
3rd plural
(“their”)
سرشان
(sarešân)
سرشون
(sarešun)
سر‌هایشان
(sar-hấyešân)
سر‌هاشون، سراشون
(sarấšun)
Colloquial.
    Predicative forms of ⁧سر(sar)
singular plural
1st person
(“I am, we are”)
سرم
(saram)
سریم
(sarim)
2nd person
(“you are”)
سری
(sari)
سرید
(sarid)
سرین
(sarin)
3rd person
(“he/she/it is, they are”)
سر است
(sar ast)
سره
(sare)
سرند
(sarand)
سرن
(saran)
Colloquial.

Adverb[edit]

سر (sar)

  1. (chiefly Dari) on top, on
    «کِلِیدِ مَن اَز کُجَاسْت» «آن سَرِ میز اَسْت»(Dari, formal)
    “kilīd-i man az kujāst” “ān sar-i mēz ast”
    «کِلِیِ مَه اَز کُجَیَه؟» «اُو سَرِ میزَه»(Dari, informal)
    “kilī-yi ma az kujaya?” “ū sar-i mēz-a”
    "where are my keys?" "they are on the table"

Noun[edit]

سَر (sar) (pluralسران(sarân))

  1. leader, chief
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Hindustani:
    Hindi: सर (sar)
    Urdu: ⁧سر(sar)
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧سر(ser)
  • ? Pashto: ⁧سر(sar)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicسِرّ(sirr, secret).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? sir
Dari reading? sir
Iranian reading? ser
Tajik reading? sir

Noun[edit]

سِرّ (serr) (pluralاسرار(asrâr))

  1. secret
Inflection[edit]
    Enclitic-attached forms of ⁧سر(serr) (Iranian Persian)
    Basic forms of ⁧سر(serr)
singular plural
bare سر
(serr)
سر‌ها
(serr-hấ)
سرا
(serrấ)
definitive direct object سر را
(serr râ)
سر رو
(serro)
سر‌ها را
(serr-hấ râ)
سرا رو
(serrấ ro)
ezâfe سر
(serr-e)
سر‌های
(serr-hấ-ye)
سرای
(serrấ-ye)
marked indefinite
or relative definite
سری
(serr-i)
سر‌هایی
(serrấn-i, serr-hấ-i)
سرایی
(serrấi)
Colloquial.
    Possessive forms of ⁧سر(serr)
singular plural
1st person singular
(“my”)
سرم
(serram)
سر‌هایم
(serr-hấyam)
سر‌هام، سرام
(serrấm)
2nd person singular
(“your”)
سرت
(serrat)
[Term?]
(serret)
سر‌هایت
(serr-hấyat)
سر‌هات، سرات
(serrất)
3rd person singular
(“his, her, its”)
سرش
(serraš)
[Term?]
(serreš)
سر‌هایش
(serr-hấyaš)
سر‌هاش، سراش
(serrấš)
1st plural
(“our”)
سرمان
(serremân)
سرمون
(serremun)
سر‌هایمان
(serr-hấyemân)
سر‌هامون، سرامون
(serrấmun)
2nd plural
(“your”)
سرتان
(serretân)
سرتون
(serretun)
سر‌هایتان
(serr-hấyetân)
سر‌هاتون، سراتون
(serrấtun)
3rd plural
(“their”)
سرشان
(serrešân)
سرشون
(serrešun)
سر‌هایشان
(serr-hấyešân)
سر‌هاشون، سراشون
(serrấšun)
Colloquial.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

A transliteration of the English title Sir.

Noun[edit]

سِر (ser)

  1. Sir (the titular prefix given to a knight or baronet)
    سر تیم برنرز لی⁩ ― ser tim bernerz liSir Tim Berners-Lee
Usage notes[edit]

Used in transliteration only.

Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱerh₂-; see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سِر (sirm (Gurmukhi spelling ਸਿਰ)

  1. head

Saraiki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit शिरस् (śiras).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سِر⁩ (sirm

  1. (anatomy) head

Shina[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سر⁩ (sar)

  1. lake
  2. (rare) ocean

Sindhi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit शिरस् (śiras).

Noun[edit]

سر⁩ (sirum (Devanagari सिरु)

  1. head

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
س ر ر
3 terms

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicسِرّ(sirr).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sirr/, [sɪr]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

سرّ (sirrm (pluralأسرار(ʔasrār) orسرار(srār))

  1. secret

Southwestern Fars[edit]

Adjective[edit]

سر (so:r, sōr)

  1. (Kuzarg) red

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शर (śara).

Noun[edit]

سَر (sarm (Hindi spelling सर)

  1. arrow

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit [Term?].

Adjective[edit]

سَر (sar) (Hindi spelling सर)

  1. going
  2. moving
  3. proceeding

Noun[edit]

سَر (sar? (Hindi spelling सर)

  1. motion
  2. milk
  3. waterfall
  4. salt
  5. cream

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सरस् (saras).

Noun[edit]

سَر (sarm (Hindi spelling सर)

  1. lake
  2. pond
  3. pool
  4. tank

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianسر(sar). Cognate with Sanskrit शिरस् (śiras). Doublet of ⁧سر(sir, head).

Noun[edit]

سَر (sarm (Hindi spelling सर)

  1. head
  2. top
  3. pinnacle
  4. tip
  5. origin
  6. head
  7. chief
  8. intention
  9. aim, goal
  10. end

Etymology 5[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शिर (śira).

Adverb[edit]

سِر (sir) (Hindi spelling सिर)

  1. initially

Noun[edit]

سِر (sirm (Hindi spelling सिर)

  1. head
  2. skull
  3. top
  4. summit
  5. crown
  6. pinnacle
  7. beginning
  8. commencement

Etymology 6[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianسر(sir(r)), from Arabicسِرّ(sirr).

Noun[edit]

سِرorسِرّ (sir or sirrm (Hindi spelling सिर्र)

  1. secret
  2. mystery

Etymology 7[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit सुर (sura).

Noun[edit]

سُر (surm (Hindi spelling सुर)

  1. god
  2. deity
  3. angel
  4. sun

Etymology 8[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit स्वर (svara).

Noun[edit]

سُر (surm (Hindi spelling सुर)

  1. sound
  2. voice
  3. tone
  4. tune
  5. harmony
  6. melody
  7. song
  8. air

Etymology 9[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Persianسر(sur), from Sanskrit शूल (śūla).

Noun[edit]

سُر (surm (Hindi spelling सुर)

  1. swordfish