शूल

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *śúHlas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ĉúHlas, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱúh₃-los, from *ḱeh₃- (to sharpen). Cognate with Persian سان (sān, whetstone), Old Armenian սուր (sur), Latin cos, Ancient Greek κῶνος (kônos), Old English hān (whence English hone). The Sanskrit root is शूल् (śūl, to hurt, cause pain).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शूल (śū́lam

  1. any sharp instrument or pointed dart, lance, pike, spear (esp. the trident of Shiva)
  2. a stake for impaling criminals
  3. any sharp or acute pain (esp. that of colic or gout)
  4. pain, grief, sorrow

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शूल (śū́la)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शूलः
śū́laḥ
शूलौ
śū́lau
शूलाः / शूलासः¹
śū́lāḥ / śū́lāsaḥ¹
Vocative शूल
śū́la
शूलौ
śū́lau
शूलाः / शूलासः¹
śū́lāḥ / śū́lāsaḥ¹
Accusative शूलम्
śū́lam
शूलौ
śū́lau
शूलान्
śū́lān
Instrumental शूलेन
śū́lena
शूलाभ्याम्
śū́lābhyām
शूलैः / शूलेभिः¹
śū́laiḥ / śū́lebhiḥ¹
Dative शूलाय
śū́lāya
शूलाभ्याम्
śū́lābhyām
शूलेभ्यः
śū́lebhyaḥ
Ablative शूलात्
śū́lāt
शूलाभ्याम्
śū́lābhyām
शूलेभ्यः
śū́lebhyaḥ
Genitive शूलस्य
śū́lasya
शूलयोः
śū́layoḥ
शूलानाम्
śū́lānām
Locative शूले
śū́le
शूलयोः
śū́layoḥ
शूलेषु
śū́leṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References[edit]