gout

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See also: goût

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Old French gote, gute, from Latin gutta (drop)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gout (plural gouts)

  1. (pathology, not countable) An extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints.
  2. (usually followed by of) A spurt or splotch.
    • c. 1607, William Shakespeare, Macbeth, act 2, sc. 1:
      I see thee still,
      And on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood.
    • 1981, P. D. James, Children of Men, ch. 20, page 137:
      [S]mall chunks of rubble and gouts of soot had fallen from the chimney, and were ground into the rug under his unwary feet.
    • 2002, Mercedes Lackey, Eric Flint and Dave Freer, The Shadow of the Lion, (Google preview):
      Another blow sent gouts of blood flying, along with gobbets of flesh.
  3. (rare) A disease of wheat and cornstalks, caused by insect larvae.[1]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989)

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

gout m (plural gouts)

  1. Alternative spelling of goût.

Usage notes[edit]

This spelling was a product of the 1990 French spelling reforms.

External links[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch golt, from Proto-Germanic *gulþą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gout n (stem goud-)

  1. gold

Descendants[edit]