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See also: goût and Goût


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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English goute, from Old French gote, gute, from Latin gutta (drop). Compare Spanish gota (drop, droplet). Doublet of goutte, gutta, and gutter.

The sense shift derived from humorism and "the notion of the 'dropping' of a morbid material from the blood in and around the joints".[1]



gout (countable and uncountable, plural gouts)

  1. (uncountable, pathology) An extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints.
    Synonyms: crystalline arthritis, gouty arthritis, urarthritis
    Hypernym: arthritis
    • 2020 November 13, Ligaya Mishan, “Once the Disease of Gluttonous Aristocrats, Gout Is Now Tormenting the Masses”, in The New York Times[1], →ISSN:
      Once gout was confined largely to Western civilization (with some outliers, like the Mongol ruler Kublai Khan); now its ravages are global.
  2. (usually followed by of) A spurt or splotch.
  3. (rare) A disease of wheat and cornstalks, caused by insect larvae.[2]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • Thai: เกาต์ (gáo)


gout (third-person singular simple present gouts, present participle gouting, simple past and past participle gouted)

  1. (intransitive) To spurt.
    • 2001, Stephen King, Peter Straub, Black House:
      Dark blood gouts from the creature's brisket.


  1. ^ gout, n.1”, in Oxford English Dictionary, Second edition, 1989, accessed 18 September 2011
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989)

Etymology 2[edit]

French goût


gout (plural gouts)

  1. (obsolete) taste; relish
    • 1838, [Letitia Elizabeth] Landon (indicated as editor), chapter XVIII, in Duty and Inclination: [], volume III, London: Henry Colburn, [], →OCLC, page 232:
      After a time, however, he became more sensible of the reviving influence proceeding from renewed energy; luxurious indolence had for ever lost to him its goût; []
    • 1870, The Cook and Housewife's Manual, 5th edition:
      A modern refinement is to put laver in the dripping-pan, which, in basting, imparts a high gout: or a large saddle may be served over a pound and a half of laver, stewed in brown sauce with catsup []
Related terms[edit]





gout m (plural gouts)

  1. post-1990 spelling of goût

Further reading[edit]

Middle Dutch[edit]


From Old Dutch golt



gout n (stem goud-)

  1. gold

Alternative forms[edit]

  • golt (Rhinelandic, Limburgish)


Further reading[edit]