hone

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Hone, honě, Hōne, and høne

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English hon (whetstone), from Old English hān, from Proto-Germanic *hainō (compare Dutch heen, Norwegian hein), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₃i- (to sharpen) (compare Ancient Greek κῶνος (kônos, cone), Persian سان(sân, whetstone)).

Noun[edit]

hone (plural hones)

  1. A sharpening stone composed of extra-fine grit used for removing the burr or curl from the blade of a razor or some other edge tool.
  2. A machine tool used in the manufacture of precision bores.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

hone (third-person singular simple present hones, present participle honing, simple past and past participle honed)

  1. To sharpen with a hone; to whet.
  2. To use a hone to produce a precision bore.
  3. To refine or master (a skill).
  4. To make more acute, intense, or effective.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with Icelandic hnúður.

Noun[edit]

hone (plural hones)

  1. A kind of swelling in the cheek.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

French hogner (to grumble).

Verb[edit]

hone (third-person singular simple present hones, present participle honing, simple past and past participle honed)

  1. (Britain, US, Southern US, dialect) To grumble.
  2. (Britain, US, Southern US, dialect) To pine, lament, or long.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Lamb to this entry?)

Cimbrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “expected form from *hunagą would be *honig, also neuter not masc”)

Noun[edit]

hone m

  1. (Luserna) honey
    süaz azpi dar honeas sweet as honey

References[edit]

  • “hone” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

hone

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ほね

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English hān, from Proto-Germanic *hainō (whetstone).

Noun[edit]

hone

  1. hone (whetstone)
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: hone
  • Scots: hone

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably of Celtic origin. Compare Old Irish úan, ón (loan, lending) (Irish uain (loan, time, leisure)), Scottish Gaelic on, oin (loan, laziness).

Noun[edit]

hone (uncountable)

  1. (Northern, North Midland) delay, hesitation
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]