alas

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See also: álás, àlas, alās, a las, and άλας

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English alas, from Old French a las (French hélas), from a (ah) + las, from Latin lassus (weary). Compare Dutch helaas, North Frisian ielas, West Frisian eilaas.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

alas

  1. Used to express sorrow, regret, compassion or grief.
    I wanted to catch the last bus home, but alas, I was ten minutes late and had to take a taxi instead.
    Synonym: alack
    • c. 1521, John Skelton, “Speke Parott”:
      Helas I lamente the dull abuſyd brayne
      The enfatuate fantaſies the wytles wylfulnes
      Of on and hothyr at me that haue dyſdayne
    • c. 1599–1602 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, (please specify the act number in uppercase Roman numerals, and the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals):
      Act V, Scene I
      Alas, Poor Yorick! I knew him, Horatio: a fellow of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy: he hath borne me on his back a thousand times; and now, how abhorred in my imagination it is! my gorge rims at it. Here hung those lips that I have kissed I know not how oft. Where be your gibes now? your gambols? your songs? your flashes of merriment, that were wont to set the table on a roar? Not one now, to mock your own grinning? quite chap-fallen? Now get you to my lady's chamber, and tell her, let her paint an inch thick, to this favour she must come; make her laugh at that.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

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 Alas (geography) on Wikipedia

From Yakut алаас (alaas).

Noun[edit]

alas (plural alases or alasses)

  1. A type of depression which occurs in Yakutia, formed by the subsidence of permafrost.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin laxō. Compare Romanian lăsa, las.

Verb[edit]

alas (past participle alãsatã)

  1. I let, allow.
  2. I leave (something), drop.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

alas

  1. Romanization of ᬳᬮᬲ᭄.

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Blend of a +‎ las. From Spanish a las.

Adverb[edit]

alas

  1. o'clock

Etymology 2[edit]

From Spanish as.

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. (card games) an ace; a card with a single spot
  2. a trump card

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. inessive singular of ala

Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *alas. Equivalent to a lative singular ala- +‎ -s. Cognates include Estonian all and Hungarian alatt (the lative singular of ala-).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑlɑs/, [ˈɑlɑs̠]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlɑs
  • Syllabification(key): a‧las

Adverb[edit]

alas (comparative alemmaksi or alemmas, superlative alimmaksi or alimmas)

  1. down
  2. downward

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

alas

  1. (followed by a nominative) down with (e.g. in demonstrations)
    Alas rikolliset!
    Down with the criminals!

Verb[edit]

alas

  1. Second-person singular imperative present form of alkaa + the suffix -s.

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /a.las/
  • Hyphenation: a‧las

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay alas (base, layer), from Classical Malay الس(alas), probably Javanese ꦲꦭꦱ꧀ (alas, excuse), from Old Javanese leśya, liśya (excuse, pretext), from Prakrit *lissa, *līsa, *lēssa (defective), from Sanskrit लेश (leśa, figure of speech), लिश् (liś, move, go).

Noun[edit]

alas (first-person possessive alasku, second-person possessive alasmu, third-person possessive alasnya)

  1. base, foundation
  2. layer, lining, covering
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Javanese alas (ꦲꦭꦱ꧀, forest), from Old Javanese alas (forest), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *halas (forest, wilderness, woods, jungle), from Proto-Austronesian *Salas (forest, wilderness, woods). Cognate to Balinese ᬳᬮᬲ᭄ (alas, forest).

Noun[edit]

alas (first-person possessive alasku, second-person possessive alasmu, third-person possessive alasnya)

  1. forest
    Synonyms: hutan, rimba, wana

Etymology 3[edit]

From Javanese [Term?].

Noun[edit]

alas (first-person possessive alasku, second-person possessive alasmu, third-person possessive alasnya)

  1. rope on a small boat balancer

Further reading[edit]


Javanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Javanese alas (forest). Cognate to Balinese ᬳᬮᬲ᭄ (alas, forest).

Noun[edit]

alas (ngoko alas, krama wana)

  1. forest
  2. fields outside a village

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: alas

References[edit]

  • “[ alas]” in Bausastra Jawa, Yogyakarta: The Linguistic Center of Yogyakarta [Balai Bahasa Provinsi Yogyakarta].

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ālās

  1. accusative plural of āla

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

alās

  1. second-person singular present active subjunctive of alō

References[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas f

  1. genitive singular form of ala
  2. nominative plural form of ala
  3. vocative plural form of ala
  4. accusative plural form of ala

Malay[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas (Jawi spelling الس‎, plural alas-alas, informal 1st possessive alasku, 2nd possessive alasmu, 3rd possessive alasnya)

  1. base, framework, layer, pad, foundation

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

from Old French a las.

Interjection[edit]

alas

  1. alas

Descendants[edit]


Mirandese[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. plural of ala

Occitan[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. plural of ala

Old Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *halas (forest, wilderness, woods, jungle), from Proto-Austronesian *Salas (forest, wilderness, woods).

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. wood, forest
  2. quantity of flowers or plants growing in a thick cluster

Descendants[edit]


Old Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. plural of ala

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. plural of ala

Verb[edit]

alas

  1. second-person singular present indicative of alar

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

àlās m (Cyrillic spelling а̀ла̄с)

  1. alternative form of hàlās

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas f pl

  1. plural of ala

Sundanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. forest

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish al as.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧las
  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈlas/, [ʔɐˈlas]

Noun[edit]

alás

  1. (card games) ace
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Playing cards in Tagalog · baraha (layout · text)
Ace of spades.svg 2 of spades.svg 3 of spades.svg 4 of spades.svg 5 of spades.svg 6 of spades.svg 7 of spades.svg
alas dos tres kuwatro singko sais siyete
8 of spades.svg 9 of spades.svg 10 of spades.svg Jack of spades2.svg Queen of spades2.svg King of spades2.svg Joker black 02.svg
otso nuwebe diyes kabayo, sota reyna hari diyoker, payaso

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish a las.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧las
  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈlas/, [ʔɐˈlas]

Adverb[edit]

alás

  1. o'clock (except for one o' clock)
    Synonym: (for one o' clock) ala
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: a‧las
  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈlas/, [ʔɐˈlas] (adjective)
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔalas/, [ˈʔɐ.lɐs] (noun)

Adjective[edit]

alás

  1. cut short and even

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. act of cutting or lopping off growth evenly
    Synonym: palas
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • alas” in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila: Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino, 2018.
  • Zorc, David Paul (1979-1983) Core Etymological Dictionary of Filipino: Part 1[1], page 9

Tetum[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *halas, from Proto-Austronesian *Salas.

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. forest