alas

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English alas, from Old French a las (French hélas), from a (ah) + las, from Latin lassus (weary). Compare Dutch helaas, North Frisian ielas, West Frisian eilaas.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

alas

  1. Used to express sorrow, regret, compassion or grief.
    Synonym: alack
    I wanted to catch the last bus home, but alas, I was ten minutes late and had to take a taxi instead.
    • c. 1521, John Skelton, Speke Parott:
      Helas I lamente the dull abuſyd brayne
      The enfatuate fantaſies the wytles wylfulnes
      Of on and hothyr at me that haue dyſdayne
    • c. 1599–1602 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene i], page 278, column 1:
      Alas poore Yorick, I knew him Horatio, a fellow of infinite Ieſt; of moſt excellent fancy, he hath borne me on his backe a thouſand times: And how abhorred my Imagination is, my gorge riſes at it.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], →OCLC, Revelation 18:10:
      Standing afarre off for the feare of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that great citie Babylon, that mighty citie: for in one houre is thy iudgement come.
    • 1920, Edward Carpenter, Pagan and Christian Creeds, New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., published 1921, page 188:
      The thorough and shameless commercialism of Sex has alas! been reserved for what is called "Christian civilization," and with it (perhaps as a necessary consequence) Prostitution and Syphilis have grown into appalling evils, accompanied by a gigantic degradation of social standards, and upgrowth of petty Philistinism and niaiserie.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

 Alas (geography) on Wikipedia

From Yakut алаас (alaas).

Noun[edit]

alas (plural alases or alasses)

  1. A type of depression which occurs in Yakutia, formed by the subsidence of permafrost.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin laxō. Compare Romanian lăsa, las.

Verb[edit]

alas first-singular present indicative (past participle alãsatã)

  1. to let, allow
  2. to leave (something), drop

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

alas

  1. Romanization of ᬳᬮᬲ᭄.

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Blend of a +‎ las. From Spanish a las.

Adverb[edit]

alas

  1. o'clock

Etymology 2[edit]

From Spanish as.

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. (card games) an ace; a card with a single spot
  2. a trump card

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. inessive singular of ala

Finnish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *alas. Equivalent to ala- +‎ -s (s-lative singular).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑlɑs/, [ˈɑ̝lɑ̝s̠]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlɑs
  • Syllabification(key): a‧las

Adverb[edit]

alas (comparative alemmaksi or alemmas, superlative alimmaksi or alimmas)

  1. down, downward, downwards

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

alas

  1. (followed by a nominative) down with (e.g. in demonstrations)
    Alas rikolliset!
    Down with the criminals!

Verb[edit]

alas

  1. second-person singular present imperative of alkaa (with enclitic -s)

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /a.las/
  • Hyphenation: a‧las

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay alas (base, layer), from Classical Malayالس(alas).

Noun[edit]

alas (first-person possessive alasku, second-person possessive alasmu, third-person possessive alasnya)

  1. base, foundation
  2. layer, lining, covering
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Javanese alas (ꦲꦭꦱ꧀, forest), from Old Javanese alas (forest), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *halas (forest, wilderness, woods, jungle), from Proto-Austronesian *Salas (forest, wilderness, woods). Cognate to Balinese ᬳᬮᬲ᭄ (alas, forest).

Noun[edit]

alas (first-person possessive alasku, second-person possessive alasmu, third-person possessive alasnya)

  1. forest
    Synonyms: hutan, rimba, wana

Etymology 3[edit]

From Javanese [Term?].

Noun[edit]

alas (first-person possessive alasku, second-person possessive alasmu, third-person possessive alasnya)

  1. rope on a small boat balancer

Further reading[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *alas. Cognates include Finnish alas and dialectal Estonian alas.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

alas

  1. Synonym of allaa
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 13:
      Yks, kaks! Alas läks.
      Yks! Kaks! Ympäär plaks!
      One, two! Down you go.
      One! Two! Around you plop down!

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 11

Javanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

alas

  1. Romanization of ꦲꦭꦱ꧀

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ālās

  1. accusative plural of āla

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

alās

  1. second-person singular present active subjunctive of alō

References[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas f

  1. inflection of ala:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/vocative/accusative plural

Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas (Jawi spellingالس⁩, plural alas-alas, informal 1st possessive alasku, 2nd possessive alasmu, 3rd possessive alasnya)

  1. base, framework, layer, pad, foundation

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

from Old French a las.

Interjection[edit]

alas

  1. alas
    • 1470–1483 (date produced), Thom̃s Malleorre [i.e., Thomas Malory], “[Morte Arthur]”, in Le Morte Darthur (British Library Additional Manuscript 59678), [England: s.n.], folio 451, verso, lines 13–14:
      Alas ſeyde quene Gwenyu[er] now ar we myſcheved bothe //
      Alas!” said Queen Guinevere, “now are we mischieved both!”

Descendants[edit]

  • English: alas

Mirandese[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. plural of ala

Occitan[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. plural of ala

Old Javanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *halas (forest, wilderness, woods, jungle), from Proto-Austronesian *Salas (forest, wilderness, woods).

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. wood, forest
  2. quantity of flowers or plants growing in a thick cluster

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • "alas" in P.J. Zoetmulder with the collaboration of S.O. Robson, Old Javanese-English Dictionary. 's-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff, 1982.

Old Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. plural of ala

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. plural of ala

Verb[edit]

alas

  1. second-person singular present indicative of alar

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

àlās m (Cyrillic spelling а̀ла̄с)

  1. alternative form of hàlās

Declension[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈalas/ [ˈa.las]
  • Audio (Venezuela):(file)
  • Rhymes: -alas
  • Syllabification: a‧las

Noun[edit]

alas f pl

  1. plural of ala

Sundanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. forest

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish al as.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈlas/, [ʔɐˈlas]
  • Hyphenation: a‧las
  • Rhymes: -as

Noun[edit]

alás (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜎᜐ᜔)

  1. (card games) ace
    Synonym: eis
  2. (figuratively, by extension) trump card
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Playing cards in Tagalog · baraha (layout · text)
alas dos tres kuwatro singko seis siyete
otso nuwebe diyes kabayo, sota reyna hari diyoker, payaso

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish a las.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈlas/, [ʔɐˈlas]
  • Hyphenation: a‧las
  • Rhymes: -as

Adverb[edit]

alás (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜎᜐ᜔)

  1. o'clock (except for one o' clock)
    Synonym: (for one o' clock) ala
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈlas/, [ʔɐˈlas] (adjective)

  • IPA(key): /ˈʔalas/, [ˈʔa.lɐs] (noun)
  • Hyphenation: a‧las
  • Rhymes: -alas, -as

Adjective[edit]

alás (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜎᜐ᜔)

  1. cut short and even

Noun[edit]

alas (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜎᜐ᜔)

  1. act of cutting or lopping off growth evenly
    Synonym: palas
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • alas”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018
  • Zorc, David Paul (1979–1983) Core Etymological Dictionary of Filipino: Part 1, page 9

Tetum[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *halas, from Proto-Austronesian *Salas.

Noun[edit]

alas

  1. forest