ach

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See also: ách, -ach, and ACH

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French ache, from Latin apium (parsley).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

ach (plural achs)

  1. (obsolete) Any of several species of plants, such as smallage, wild celery, parsley.

Etymology 2[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ach

  1. Alternative form of och

Anagrams[edit]


Chuukese[edit]

Determiner[edit]

ach

  1. First-person plural inclusive general possessive; our (inclusive)

Related terms[edit]



Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ach

  1. oh, expresses compassion, surprise and dismay

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: ag

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ach, from Old High German ah.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ach

  1. oh (expressing surprise, wonder, amazement, or awe)
  2. oh (expressing sorrow)
  3. oh (expressing understanding, recognition, or realization)
  4. oh (preceding an offhand or annoyed remark)
  5. oh (preceding an invocation or address, but rarely a solemn one)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • ach in Duden online

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish acht (but, except), from Proto-Celtic *ektos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs.

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ach

  1. but

Preposition[edit]

ach (plus nominative, triggers no mutation)

  1. except, but
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ach

  1. but, only, merely

Etymology 2[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Alternative forms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ach!

  1. ah! och! ugh!

Further reading[edit]

  • "ach" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • acht” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “ach” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “ach” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Middle Low German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɑx/, [ax], [ɑχ]

Interjection[edit]

ach

  1. oh (an expression of grievance or displeasure)

North Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian acht. Compare West Frisian acht.

Numeral[edit]

ach

  1. (Heligoland) eight

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish acht (but, except), from Proto-Celtic *ektos, from Proto-Indo-European *eghs.

Conjunction[edit]

ach

  1. but
    Thèid mise ach cha tèid thusa.I'll go but you won't [go].
  2. except, only
    Cha robh ann ach trì daoine.There were only three people (literally "there was not there but/except for three people").

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened form of feuch.

Conjunction[edit]

ach

  1. so that
    Dh'aontaich e ach am biodh adhartas air choireigin ann.He agreed so that there would be some progress.

References[edit]

  • acht” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *akkā, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ekkeh₂ (compare Latin Acca (Larentia), a Roman goddess, Ancient Greek Ἀκκώ (Akkṓ, nurse of Demeter), Sanskrit अक्का (akkā, mother)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ach f (plural achau or achoedd)

  1. kinship
  2. pedigree, ancestry
  3. (plural) lineage
  4. (plural) genealogy, family roots

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
ach unchanged unchanged hach
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.