acht

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Acht, ächt, åcht, and -acht

Alemannic German[edit]

cardinal number
8 Previous: sibe
Next: nüün

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu. Cognate with German acht, Dutch acht, English eight, Swedish åtta.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. eight

Cimbrian[edit]

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. attributive form of achte
    acht óarneight o'clock (literally, “eight hours”)

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɑxt/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: acht
  • Rhymes: -ɑxt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch achte, acht, from Old Dutch ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

Numeral[edit]

Dutch numbers (edit)
80
 ←  7 8 9  → 
    Cardinal: acht
    Ordinal: achtste

acht

  1. eight
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: agt, ag

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch achte, from Old Dutch *ahta, from Proto-Germanic *ahtō.

Noun[edit]

acht f (uncountable)

  1. attention, heed
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: ag

Verb[edit]

acht

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of achten
  2. imperative of achten

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu. Cognate to German Low German acht, German acht, Dutch acht.

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. (in many (all?) dialects) eight (8)

German[edit]

German cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : achte

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw. Compare Dutch acht, English eight, Danish otte, Swedish åtta, Greek οκτώ (októ), Latin octō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. eight (numerical value represented by the Arabic numeral 8; or describing a set with eight elements)

Coordinate terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


German Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu. Cognate to Dutch Low Saxon acht, German acht, Dutch acht.

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. (in many dialects, including Low Prussian and Plautdietsch) eight (8)

References[edit]

  • Der neue SASS: Plattdeutsches Wörterbuch, Plattdeutsch - Hochdeutsch, Hochdeutsch - Plattdeutsch. Plattdeutsche Rechtschreibung, sixth revised edition (2011, →ISBN, Wachholtz Verlag, Neumünster)

Hunsrik[edit]

Hunsrik cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : acht

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. eight
    Sie hon acht Kinner.
    They have eight children.

Further reading[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin āctus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acht m (genitive singular achta, nominative plural achtanna)

  1. decree, enactment
  2. compact
  3. condition
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish acht.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

acht

  1. Obsolete spelling of ach (but)

Preposition[edit]

acht (plus nominative, triggers no mutation)

  1. Obsolete spelling of ach (except, but)

Adverb[edit]

acht

  1. Obsolete spelling of ach (but, only, merely)

Etymology 3[edit]

Likely from etymology 2.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acht m (genitive singular achta)

  1. doubt, uncertainty
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
acht n-acht hacht t-acht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. Alternative form of achte

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *extos (except, but), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰsto- (out), from *h₁eǵʰs. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐκτός (ektós, outside).

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

acht

  1. but
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 7d10
      Mógi sidi uili do Día; acht do·rigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru et déu diib: is hed on ɔsecha-som hic.
      They are all servants to God; but the disciples had made a distinction between them and (made) gods of them; that is what he corrects here.
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 42a4
      Ní·guid dígail du thabairt foraib, acht corru·anat inna arrad.
      He prays not that punishment should be inflicted on them, but that they may remain in his company.
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 114b18
      nád fil nech con·gné fris ón acht Día
      that there is no one to help him but God
  2. provided (that) (followed by ro- and the subjunctive mood of the verb)
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 23b24
      Ní imned lim act rop Críst pridches et imme·ráda cách.
      It is not tribulation for me provided that it is Christ on whom everyone preaches and meditates.
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

·acht

  1. inflection of aigid:
    1. third-person singular preterite conjunct
    2. passive singular preterite conjunct

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
·acht unchanged ·n-acht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Pennsylvania German[edit]

Pennsylvania German cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : acht
Pennsylvania German ordinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : acht

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare German acht, Dutch acht, English eight.

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. eight

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare German achte, Dutch achtste, English eighth.

Adjective[edit]

acht

  1. eighth

Ordinal number[edit]

acht

  1. eighth

West Frisian[edit]

West Frisian cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : achtste

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian achta, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. eight

Further reading[edit]

  • acht (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Noun[edit]

acht c (plural achten, diminutive achtsje)

  1. eight

Further reading[edit]

  • acht (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Zealandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch achte, acht, from Old Dutch ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. eight

Zipser German[edit]

Numeral[edit]

acht

  1. Alternative form of åcht