een

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Een, e'en, -een, Eén, eên, -éen, and één

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

een

  1. (archaic and Scotland, Northern England) plural of eye
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene. [], London: [] [John Wolfe] for VVilliam Ponsonbie, OCLC 960102938, book I, canto IV, stanza 21:
      And eke with fatnesse swollen were his eyne
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      But the sight of her eyes was not a thing to forget. John Dodds said they were the een of a deer with the Devil ahint them; and indeed, they would so appal an onlooker that a sudden unreasoning terror came into his heart, while his feet would impel him to flight.
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From a contraction of even.

Adverb[edit]

een (not comparable)

  1. (dialectal, Northern England) even.

Etymology 3[edit]

From even (evening).

Noun[edit]

een (plural eens)

  1. (poetic or dialectal, Scotland) evening.
Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Afrikaans cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : een
    Ordinal : eerste

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch een, from Middle Dutch een, from Old Dutch ēn, ein, from Proto-West Germanic *ain, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Numeral[edit]

een

  1. one

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Central Franconian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ein (Kölsch; Westerwald)
  • ään (eastern Moselle Franconian)

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ein, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

een

  1. (Ripuarian, western Moselle Franconian) one
    Loß mich der nur een Frooch stelle.
    Let me ask you just one question.
    Wanns de keene Steff häs, kann ich der eener jevve.
    If you don't have a pencil, I can give you one.

Declension[edit]

  • Nominative/Accusative:
    • Attributive: ee Mann or eene Mann, een Frau, ee Kend. The form ee becomes een before vowels and optionally elsewhere, whereas the feminine is always een.
    • Independent without determiner: eener or eene m, een f, eent or (younger) eens n.
    • Independent with determiner: dä/die/dat een or dä/die/dat eene.
  • Dative:
    • Without determiner: eenem Mann, eener Frau, eenem Kend.
    • With determiner: däm eene m/n, dä eene or dä eener f.
  • Eastern Moselle Franconian distinguishes masculine nominative and accusative. Masculine ää, ääner are nominative, whereas masculine ääne is accusative.
  • Westernmost Ripuarian has no dative forms. Moreover it uses the velarised stem eng- before vocalic endings and always in the feminine.

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch êen, from Old Dutch ēn, ein, from Proto-West Germanic *ain, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Article[edit]

een (contracted form 'n)

  1. (indefinite article) Placed before a singular noun, indicating a general case of a person or thing: a, an. Compare with de and het.
Descendants[edit]
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: en
  • Negerhollands: een
  • Jersey Dutch: ên, en
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: aen

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Dutch cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : een
    Ordinal : eerst

een

  1. one
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: en
  • Jersey Dutch: êne, ên
  • Negerhollands: een, en
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: en
  • Trió: ein_me
See also[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

When it is unclear from the context whether een is the number (pronounced /eːn/) or the indefinite article (pronounced /ən/), the former is written with acute accents: één (one). In all other cases it is written without. For example, een van die unambiguously means “one of those”, so it is written without acute accents. However, een appel could mean both “one apple” and “an apple”, so if the former is intended one would write één appel.

When only the first letter of één is capitalised, the acute accent is usually dropped from the upper case E: Eén.

Examples
  • Een hoed: a hat; een oor; an ear.
  • Eén voor allen, allen voor één: one for all, all for one. (The motto of The Three Musketeers.)

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch Low Saxon[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

een m (indefinite article)

  1. (Achterhoeks, Drents, Sallands, Stellingwerfs, Twents, Urkers, Veluws) a, an

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

een

  1. (Achterhoeks, Drents, Sallands, Twents, Veluws) one (1)
    Een hoed: a hat; een ore; an ear.
    Eén veur allen, allen veur één: one for all, all for one. (The motto of The Three Musketeers.)

Further reading[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • When it is unclear from the context whether een is the number or the indefinite article, the former is written with acute accents: één. In all other cases it is written without. For example, een van die is 'one of those'. But een appel can mean both 'one apple' and 'an apple', so if the former is intended one would write één appel.

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

een

  1. genitive singular of ee

Anagrams[edit]


German Low German[edit]

German Low German cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : een
    Ordinal : eerst

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (in other dialects, including Low Prussian) en
  • (in some dialects) ein
  • (East Pomeranian) ain
  • (for others, see en)

Article[edit]

een m or n

  1. (in some dialects, including Low Prussian) Alternative spelling of en : a, an

Numeral[edit]

een

  1. (in some dialects) Alternative spelling of en : one (1)

Coordinate terms[edit]


Hunsrik[edit]

Hunsrik cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : een
    Ordinal : eerst

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ein, from Proto-West Germanic *ain, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

een

  1. one

Further reading[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

een

  1. (indefinite) one

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch ēn, ein, from Proto-West Germanic *ain, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

êen

  1. a (indefinite article)
  2. a certain (before people's names)

Inflection[edit]

This article needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: een, 'n (/ən/)
  • Zealandic: 'n

Numeral[edit]

êen

  1. one

Inflection[edit]

This numeral needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: een (/eːn/)
  • Limburgish: ein
  • Zealandic: eên

Pronoun[edit]

êen

  1. one, someone, a certain person
    Synonym: iemen
  2. something
  3. one (indefinite)
    Synonym: men

Inflection[edit]

This pronoun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]


North Frisian[edit]

North Frisian cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : een
    Ordinal : iarst

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian ēn.

Numeral[edit]

een (m.) (f. or n. ian)

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) one

Coordinate terms[edit]


Old Frisian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

een

  1. Late Old Frisian spelling of ēn

Article[edit]

een

  1. Late Old Frisian spelling of ēn

References[edit]

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Saterland Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

een

  1. feminine of aan
  2. neuter of aan

Article[edit]

een

  1. feminine of aan
  2. neuter of aan

References[edit]

  • Marron C. Fort (2015), “een”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN

Scots[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

een

  1. plural of ee

Etymology 2[edit]

Numeral[edit]

een

  1. Doric form of ane (one)

Yola[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English ende, from Old English ende, from Proto-West Germanic *andī.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

een

  1. end
    • 1867, GLOSSARY OF THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY:
      Ill een.
      Ill end.
    Synonym: endeen

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

een

  1. Alternative form of ieen (eyes)

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 37 & 38