Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/óynos

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps built on the pronominal stem *éy (he, she, it) +‎ *-nós. Homer's use of feminine ἴα (ía, one), from *ih₂, directly from the pronominal stem *i- has been suggested as a corroboration for this.

Numeral[edit]

cardinal number
1 Previous: n/a
Next: *dwóh₁

*óynos

  1. one
  2. single

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *óynos *óyneh₂
genitive *óynosyo *óyneh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *óynos
vocative *óyne
accusative *óynom
genitive *óynosyo
ablative *óynead
dative *óynoey
locative *óyney, *óynoy
instrumental *óynoh₁
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *óyneh₂
vocative *óyneh₂
accusative *óynām
genitive *óyneh₂s
ablative *óyneh₂s
dative *óyneh₂ey
locative *óyneh₂, *óyneh₂i
instrumental *óyneh₂h₁
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *óynom
vocative *óynom
accusative *óynom
genitive *óynosyo
ablative *óynead
dative *óynoey
locative *óyney, *óynoy
instrumental *óynoh₁

Comment[edit]

Acute accent in Balto-Slavic points to a medial laryngeal, at least in the *HóyHnos form.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195083458
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag