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See also: vins, VINs, víns, vîns, and viņš


Latgalian cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : vīns
    Ordinal : pyrmais


From Proto-Balto-Slavic *aiˀnas, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos. Cognates include Latvian viens and Lithuanian vienas.


  • IPA(key): [ˈvʲîːnt͡s]
  • Hyphenation: vīns


vīns (feminine vīna)

  1. one



  • Nicole Nau (2011) A short grammar of Latgalian, München: LINCOM GmbH, →ISBN, page 33


 vīns on Latvian Wikipedia


Borrowed from Middle Low German wīn, or from Old Norse vín or Middle Dutch wijn, wiin (cf. German Wein, Swedish vin, Dutch wijn, English wine), or maybe also from Old East Slavic вино (vino), Russian вино́ (vinó), itself a borrowing from Latin vīnum, which is a possible borrowing from an old Mediterranean or Black Sea language. In Latvian, this loanword is old: it is already mentioned in 16th-century writings and 17th-century dictionaries; there is also an apparently related 16th-century family name Vīndedzis.[1]




vīns m (1st declension)

  1. wine (alcoholic drink made from berriess or fruit juices)
    vīnogu, ķiršu vīnsgrape, cherry wine
    sarkanais vīns, sarkanvīnsred wine
    baltais vīns, baltvīnswhite wine
    sausais, saldais vīnsdry, sweet wine
    deserta vīnsdessert wine
    dzirkstošais vīnssparkling wine
    pudele vīnaa bottle of wine
    vīna kausswine cup
    vīna glāzewine glass
    vīna mucawine barrel
    Pie zivju ēdiniem ieteicami baltie galda vīni, pie gaļas - sarkanie sausie vīni, bet pie sakņu ēdieniem - pussaldie.
    With fish dishes, white table wines are recommended; with meat - red dry wines, and with vegetable food - semisweet (wines).
  2. vine (the plant which produces grapes, usually called vīnkoks)
    meža vīns, mežvīnsVirginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia; lit. forest wine)
    Bet Jancis raka nadzīgi irdeno zemi, kur auga vīna stādi.
    But Jancis actively dug the soft earth, where wine plants grew.
    Ēkas sienas apliktas gaišiem ķieģeļiem, un šur tur pa tām aizstiepjas tumši sārti vīni.
    The building walls were made with light bricks, and here and there on them dark pink wines were stretching themselves.


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vīns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN