एक

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Hindi[edit]

Hindi numbers (edit)
10
[a], [b] ←  0
1
2  → 
    Cardinal: एक (ek)
    Ordinal: पहला (pahlā), पहिला (pahilā)
    Fractional: पूरा (pūrā)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Hindi एक (eka), form Sauraseni Apabhramsa एक्क, from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀏𑀓𑁆𑀓 (ekka), from Sanskrit एक (éka), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /eːk/
  • (file)

Numeral[edit]

एक (ek) (Urdu spelling ایک‎)

  1. one; 1

Adjective[edit]

एक (ek) (indeclinable, Urdu spelling ایک‎)

  1. sole, only

Derived terms[edit]


Konkani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Maharastri Prakrit, from Sanskrit एक (éka), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas.

Numeral[edit]

एक (ek) (Latin script ek, Kannada script ಎಕ)

  1. one

Maithili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit एक (éka), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas.

Numeral[edit]

एक (ek)

  1. one

Marathi[edit]

Marathi numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0
1
2  → 
    Cardinal: एक (ek)
    Ordinal: पहिले (pahile)
    Adverbial: एकदा (ekdā)
    Collective: एकटा (ekṭā)

Etymology[edit]

From Maharastri Prakrit, from Sanskrit एक (éka), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas.

Numeral[edit]

एक (ek)

  1. one

Nepali[edit]

Nepali numbers (edit)
10[a], [b]
[a], [b] ←  0
1
2  → 
    Cardinal: एक (ek)
    Ordinal: पहिलो (pahilo), प्रथम (pratham)
    Adverbial: एकचोटी (ekacoṭī), एकपटक (ekapaṭak)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Khasa Prakrit [Term?] (compare Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀏𑀓𑁆𑀓 (ekka)), from Sanskrit एक (éka), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas.

Numeral[edit]

एक (ek), pronounced एक् (ek)

  1. one

Old Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Apabhramsa एक्क, from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀏𑀓𑁆𑀓 (ekka), 𑀇𑀓 (ika), from Sanskrit एक (eka).

Numeral[edit]

एक (eka)

  1. one
    • c. 1500, Kabir 77.1
      एक जोति तैं सब उतपंना, कौंण वारंण कौंण सूदा
      eka joti taiṃ saba utapaṃnā, kauṃṇa vāraṃṇa kauṃṇa sūdā
      All have arisen from one light, who is a brāhmin and who is a śūdra?

Descendants[edit]

  • Hindi: एक (ek)

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Numeral[edit]

एक

  1. Devanagari script form of eka
    • c. 500 AD, Kaccāyana, Pālivyākaraṇaṃ [Pali Grammar]‎[1] (in Pali), page 252; republished as Satish Chandra Acharyya Vidyabhusana, editor, Kaccayana's Pali Grammar (edited in Devanagari character and translated into English), Calcutta, Bengal: Mahabodhi Society, 1901:
      सब्बेसं तिण्णं पठममज्झिमुत्तमपुरिसानं एकाभिधाने परो पुरिसो गहेतब्बो। सो च पठति, ते च पठन्ति, त्वञ्च पठसि तुम्हे च पठथ, अहञ्च पठामि = मयं पठाम; सो पचति, ते च पचन्ति, त्वञ्च पचन्ति, तुम्हे च पठथ, अहञ्च पचआमि = मयं पचाम एवं सेसासु विभत्तीसु परो पुरिसो योजेतब्बो॥
      Sabbesaṃ tiṇṇaṃ paṭhamamajjhimuttamapurisānaṃ ekābhidhāne paro puriso gahetabbo. So ca paṭhati, te ca paṭhanti, tvañca paṭhasi, tumhe ca paṭhatha, ahañca paṭhāmi = mayaṃ paṭhāma; so pacati, te ca pacanti, tvañca pacasi, tumhe ca pacatha, ahañca pacāmi = mayaṃ pacāma. Evaṃ sesāsu vibhattīsu paro puriso yojetabbo.
      With all three, third, second, and first persons, in one expression, the last person is to be taken. He reads, they read, thou readest, you read, and I read = we read; he cooks, they cook, thou cookest, you cook , and I cook = we cook. The last person is to be applied thus for other endings.

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Sanskrit numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0
1
2  → 
    Cardinal: एक (eka)
    Ordinal: प्रथम (prathama)
    Multiplier: एकधा (ekadhā)
    Distributive: एकशस् (ekaśas)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-European *(H)óykos (one, single).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

एक (éka)

  1. one

Adjective[edit]

एक (éka) (Vedic áika)

  1. (with and without एव (eva)) alone, solitary, single, happening only once, that one only
  2. the same, one and the same, identical
  3. one of two or many
  4. single of its kind, unique, singular, chief, pre-eminent, excellent
  5. sincere, truthful
  6. little, small
  7. (sometimes used as an indefinite article), a, an

Noun[edit]

एक (ékam (Vedic áika)

  1. name of a teacher
  2. name of a son of रय (Raya)

Noun[edit]

एक (ékan (Vedic áika)

  1. unity, a unit (at the end of a compound)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]