एक

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Hindi[edit]

Hindi numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0
1
2  → 
    Cardinal: एक (ek)
    Ordinal: पहला (pahlā)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Hindi एक (eka), form Sauraseni Apabhramsa, from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀏𑀓𑁆𑀓 (ekka), from Sanskrit एक (éka), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas.

Numeral[edit]

एक (ek), Urdu spelling: ایک

  1. (cardinal) one; 1

Adjective[edit]

एक (ek) (Urdu spelling ایک)

  1. sole, only

Derived terms[edit]


Konkani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Maharastri Prakrit, from Sanskrit एक (éka), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas.

Numeral[edit]

एक (ek) (Latin script ek, Kannada script ಎಕ)

  1. (cardinal) one

Maithili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit एक (éka), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas.

Numeral[edit]

एक (ek)

  1. (cardinal) one

Marathi[edit]

Marathi numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0
1
2  → 
    Cardinal: एक (ek)
    Ordinal: पहिले (pahile)
    Adverbial: एकदा (ekdā)
    Collective: एकटा (ekṭā)

Etymology[edit]

From Maharastri Prakrit, from Sanskrit एक (éka), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas.

Numeral[edit]

एक (ek)

  1. (cardinal) one

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀏𑀓𑁆𑀓 (ekka), from Sanskrit एक (éka), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas.

Numeral[edit]

एक (eka), pronounced एक् (ek)

  1. (cardinal) one

Old Hindi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Apabhramsa, from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀏𑀓𑁆𑀓 (ekka), 𑀇𑀓 (ika), from Sanskrit एक (eka).

Numeral[edit]

एक (eka)

  1. one
    • c. 1500, Kabir 77.1
      एक जोति तैं सब उतपंना, कौंण वारंण कौंण सूदा
      eka joti taiṃ saba utapaṃnā, kauṃṇa vāraṃṇa kauṃṇa sūdā
      All have arisen from one light, who is a brāhmin and who is a śūdra?

Descendants[edit]


Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Numeral[edit]

एक

  1. Devanagari script form of eka

Sanskrit[edit]

Sanskrit numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0
1
2  → 
    Cardinal: एक (eka)
    Ordinal: प्रथम (prathama)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Háykas, from Proto-Indo-European *(H)óykos (one, single). Cognates include Old Latin oinos (Classical Latin ūnus), Ancient Greek οἶος (oîos) and Old English ān (English one and an). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

एक (éka)

  1. one

Adjective[edit]

एक (éka)

  1. (with and without एव (eva)) alone, solitary, single, happening only once, that one only
  2. the same, one and the same, identical
  3. one of two or many
  4. single of its kind, unique, singular, chief, pre-eminent, excellent
  5. sincere, truthful
  6. little, small
  7. (sometimes used as an indefinite article), a, an

Noun[edit]

एक (ékam

  1. name of a teacher
  2. name of a son of रय (Raya)

Noun[edit]

एक (ékan

  1. unity, a unit (at the end of a compound)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0227