एक

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit एक ‎(éka) (or a closely related Old-Indo-Aryan language, through Prakrit), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Haykas (compare Persian یک ‎(yek)), from Proto-Indo-European *(H)óykos ‎(one, single).

Numeral[edit]

Hindi cardinal numbers
 <  ० २  > 
    Cardinal : एक ‎(ek)
    Ordinal : पहला ‎(pahlā)

एक ‎(ek), Urdu spelling: ایک

  1. (cardinal) one; 1

Adjective[edit]

एक ‎(ek)— Urdu spelling: ایک

  1. one
  2. a
  3. sole
  4. only

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Haykas, from Proto-Indo-European *(H)óykos ‎(one, single). Cognates include Old Latin oinos (Classical Latin ūnus), Ancient Greek οἶος ‎(oîos) and Old English ān (English one and an).

Numeral[edit]

एक ‎(éka)

  1. one

Adjective[edit]

एक ‎(éka)

  1. (with and without एव ‎(eva)) alone, solitary, single, happening only once, that one only
  2. the same, one and the same, identical
  3. one of two or many
  4. single of its kind, unique, singular, chief, pre-eminent, excellent
  5. sincere, truthful
  6. little, small
  7. (sometimes used as an indefinite article), a, an

Noun[edit]

एक ‎(ékam

  1. name of a teacher
  2. name of a son of रय ‎(Raya)

Noun[edit]

एक ‎(ékan

  1. unity, a unit (at the end of a compound)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0227