drei

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See also: Drei and Dréi

Central Franconian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German drī.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

drei

  1. (most dialects) three

German[edit]

German cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal : drei
    Ordinal : dritte

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German drī, from Proto-Germanic *þrīz, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Compare Dutch drie, English three, Danish tre.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • drey (obsolete)
  • Drei (when used substantively)

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

drei

  1. three

Declension[edit]

  • Nominative and accusative are nowadays always uninflected. The substantival form dreie is nowadays dialectal.
  • The genitive case takes the form dreier if no article or pronoun is preceding: Vater dreier Kinder – “a father of three children”. But: der Vater der drei Kinder – “the father of the three children”. The form dreier is somewhat elevated; even in formal writing it is sometimes more natural to avoid it (Vater von drei Kindern).
  • The dative case is often uninflected in adjectival use: Ich sprach mit drei Zeugen. – “I spoke with three witnesses.” When used as a noun, it may take the form dreien: Ich sprach mit dreien. – “I spoke with three.” This rule is usually observed in formal standard German; but when a specification in the genitive case (or with von) is following, the bare form is common: Ich sprach mit drei der Zeugen. – “I spoke with three of the witnesses.” In colloquial German, dreien is never obligatory.

Derived terms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • drei in Duden online

German Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (in some dialects) dree

Etymology[edit]

Compare Old Saxon thrīe, from Proto-Germanic *þrīz, from Proto-Indo-European *tréyes. Ultimately cognate to German drei, Dutch drie, English three.

Numeral[edit]

drei

  1. (Low Prussian) three (3)

See also[edit]

  • Plautdietsch: dree

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

drei

  1. imperative of dreie